Prerequisite – Operating System
1. Windows :
Windows operating system is developed by Microsoft and it is developed in November 1985 and Windows 10 released on July 2015. It is a closed source software so it is paid and needs a valid and authenticated license to use it. For support it depends on Microsoft. As it is so much secure like Ubuntu and not gives comparable performance like Ubuntu it is used by ordinary user and game players. Windows is very easy to learn and start with as compared to Ubuntu. It has visual assistant like Cortana.
2. Ubuntu :
Ubuntu operating system is developed by Canonical Ltd and it is developed in in October 2004. It is an open source software so it is free and do not a license to use it. For support it depends on the open community through internet. As it is more secure and faster it is used by the developer and tester community. Ubuntu is not easy to learn and start with as compared to windows as it mainly works with commands. It has no visual assistant like windows. It is certainly lighter than Windows operating system.
Difference between Windows and Ubuntu :
|01.||Windows operating system is developed by Microsoft.||Ubuntu operating system is developed by Canonical Ltd.|
|02.||Windows is developed in November 1985 and Windows 10 released on July 2015.||Ubuntu is developed in in October 2004.|
|03.||Windows operating system belongs to Windows NT family.||Ubuntu operating system belongs to Linux family.|
|04.||It is a closed source software.||It is an open source software.|
|05.||Users need to have a valid and authenticated license to use it.||Users need not to have a license to use it.|
|06.||Users can go through Ubuntu’s source code to learn and modify it.||Users can’t go through windows’s source code to learn and modify it.|
|07.||Kernel type of Ubuntu is Manolithic.||Kernel type of Windows is Hybrid.|
|08.||Windows uses more resources than Ubuntu.||Ubuntu uses less resources than Windows.|
|09.||For gaming purpose windows is better than Ubuntu.||For gaming purpose ubuntu is not so good like Windows.|
|10.||Default user interface is Windows Shell.||Default user interface is Ubuntu unity, GNOME.|
|11.||Windows has less customizable options than Ubuntu.||Ubuntu has more customizable options than Windows.|
|12.||Cost of this software is free.||Cost of this software is paid.|
|13.||It is less than Ubuntu.||It is more secure than Windows.|
|14.||It is less privacy-focused than Ubuntu.||It is more privacy-focused than Windows 10.|
|15.||Its user community is ordinary user and game player.||Its user community professional developers.|
|16.||Windows is very easy to learn and start with as compared to Ubuntu .||Ubuntu is not easy to learn and start with as compared to windows as it mainly works with commands.|
Both Windows and Ubuntu have their own advantages and disadvantages and user community. The developer and tester community loves to use Ubuntu where as the general user and gamer community prefers to use Windows so its mainly based on user’s requirement and choice. Windows is default choice as it is easy to learn and work where Ubuntu a little bit difficult but better than this in many reasons.
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