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Difference Between value() vs entrySet() Method in Java Map
  • Last Updated : 11 May, 2021

Map Interface is present in Java.util package, which provides mainly three methods KeySet(),entrySet() and values(). These methods are used to retrieve the keys of the map, key-value pairs of the map, and values of the map respectively. Since these methods are part of Map Interface, so we can use can these methods with all the classes implementing the map interface like TreeMap, HashMap, and LinkedHashMap.

Method 1: values() method 

The java.util.HashMap.values() method of HashMap class in Java is used to create a collection out of the values of the map. It basically returns a Collection view of the values in the HashMap.

Syntax:

Hash_Map.values()

Parameters: The method does not accept any parameters.



Return Value: The method is used to return a collection view containing all the values of the map.

Example:

Java




// Java program demonstrating use of values() method
 
// Importing all input output classes
import java.io.*;
// Importing HashMap, Iterator, Map and Stream classes
// from the java.util package
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
 
// Class
class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating a Map object
        // Declaring object of String and integer type
        Map<Integer, String> map = new HashMap<>();
 
        // Now, adding the elements to the object created
        // Elements here are key- \value pairs
 
        // Custom input objects
        map.put(1, "Geeks");
        map.put(2, "For");
        map.put(3, "Geeks");
 
        // Showcasing different ways to illustrate
        // values() method
 
        // Way 1 - Using iterator
        // Iterating over the object elements of the
        // showcasing the values() method using iterator
 
        // Creating an object of Integer type
        Iterator<String> itr = map.values().iterator();
 
        // Condition check which holds true till
        // there is single elementusing hasNext() method
        while (itr.hasNext()) {
 
            // Travering across the elements elements
            // using next() method
 
            // Printing the elements in the object
            System.out.print(itr.next() + " ");
        }
 
        // New line
        System.out.println();
 
        // Way 2 - Using loops
        // Iterating over the elements using for-each loop
        // to showacase value() method
        for (String key : map.values()) {
 
            // Printing all the element in object
            // key-value pairs
            System.out.println(key);
        }
 
        // New line
        System.out.println();
 
        // Iterating over the values() method by
        // converting the Map to the string
        System.out.println(map.values().toString());
    }
}
Output
Geeks For Geeks 
Geeks
For
Geeks

[Geeks, For, Geeks]

Method 2: entrySet() method

The java.util.HashMap.entrySet() method in Java is used to create a set out of the same elements contained in the hash map. It basically returns a set view of the hash map, or we can create a new set and store the map elements into them.

 

Syntax: 

hash_map.entrySet()

Parameters: The method does not take any parameters.

Return Value: The method returns a set having the same elements as the hash map.

Implementation:

Example 

Java




// Java program demonstrating use of entrySet() method
 
//  Importing Map,Stream, hashMap and Iterator classes
// from the java.util package
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
 
// Class
class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating an object of Map class
        // Declaring object of Integer and String type
        Map<Integer, String> map = new HashMap<>();
 
        // Now, adding the elements to the object
        // Here elements are key-value pairs to map
 
        // Custom input elements
        map.put(1, "Geeks");
        map.put(2, "For");
        map.put(3, "Geeks");
 
        // Now, proposing different cases in which we will
        // be iterating over the elements using entrySet()
 
        // Case 1
        // Iterating the key value pairs
        // using for each loop
        for (Map.Entry<Integer, String> entry :
             map.entrySet()) {
 
            // Corresponding key
            Integer key = (Integer)entry.getKey();
 
            // Corresponding pair
            String value = entry.getValue();
 
            // Printing all the corresponding key-value
            // pairs
            System.out.println(key + "=" + value);
        }
 
        // Case 2
        // Iterating the key-value pairs
        // using iterator
        Iterator<Map.Entry<Integer, String> > itr
            = map.entrySet().iterator();
 
        // Condition check using hasNext() method holding
        // true till there is single entry remaining
        while (itr.hasNext()) {
 
            // Go on printing key-value pairs
            System.out.println(itr.next());
        }
 
        // Case 3
        // Iterating and printing the key-value pairs
        // using Stream.of() method
 
        // Printing alongside by using scope resolution
        // operator
        Stream.of(map.entrySet().toArray())
            .forEach(System.out::println);
    }
}
Output
1=Geeks
2=For
3=Geeks
1=Geeks
2=For
3=Geeks
1=Geeks
2=For
3=Geeks

Now let’s see the differences between values() Method and entrySet() Method

values() MethodentrySet() Method
This method returns the collection view of all the values contained in the map.This method returns the Set view of all the mappings present in the map, ie it returns a set of key, value pairs.
If any changes happen to the map, then they can be observed in the collection also, as the method collection is backed up by the map.  If any changes happen to the map, then they can be observed in the set also, as the set is backed up by the map. 
This method is used when we only need to deal with values present in the map. This method is used when we need to deal with keys as well as values present in the map. 

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