Difference between Unit Testing and System Testing
System testing is done to check whether the software or product meets the specified requirements or not. It is done by both testers and developers. It contains System testing and Integration testing. It is done through more positive and negative test cases.
Unit Testing is the type of software testing level in which each individual component of the software is tested. Unit Testing is generally performed by the developer. Unit Testing can’t be used for those systems which have a lot of interdependence between different modules. It does not allow for parallel testing.
Difference Between Unit Testing and System Testing:
|In unit testing, independent software module are tested separately.
||System testing is done to check whether the software or product meets the specified requirements or not.
|Unit testing is performed by the developers.
||System testing is generally done by developers and testers.
|Unit testing is also called white box testing.
||System testing is also called black box testing.
|Unit testing generally focuses on functional verification.
||System testing generally focuses on system validation.
|Unit testing comprise of independent modules.
||System Testing comprise of System and integration testing.
|Unit testing follows the specification of modules.
||System testing follows the requirements specification.
|It gives high performance because of single module testing at a time.
||It gives relatively low performance than unit testing.
|Error finding is easy.
||Error finding is difficult as compared to unit testing.
|Resource requirement is less.
||It needs more resources.
|Maintenance is relatively less expensive.
||Maintenance is expensive.
|It is cost effective as there is requirement of less number of resources.
||It is expensive.
|Code details are visible in this type of testing.
||Code details are not visible in this type of testing.
Some of the frameworks used for unit testing are as follows:
- NUnit (For C#)
- JUnit (For Java)
- Embunit (For C or C++)
Some of the frameworks used for system testing are as follows:
- Froglogic Squish
- Smart Bear’s Soap UI and more.
|Scope of testing
||Tests individual units or components of the software application in isolation
||Tests the complete system or software application
|Timing of testing
||Typically automated and performed by developers during the coding phase
||Typically manual and performed by independent testers after the completion of integration testing
|Focus of testing
||Focuses on verifying the functionality of each unit or component of the software application
||Focuses on verifying the functionality of the system as a whole
||Tests are executed in a controlled environment, typically using mock objects or test doubles to isolate the unit being tested
||Tests are executed in a production-like environment to simulate real-world usage scenarios
||Uses unit test frameworks such as JUnit, NUnit, or PHPUnit to automate the testing process
||Uses system testing frameworks such as Selenium, HP UFT, or IBM Rational Functional Tester to automate the testing process
|Purpose of testing
||Enables early detection and elimination of defects in the code
||Enables validation of the entire software application to ensure it meets the specified requirements
||Requires a solid understanding of the code and the ability to write effective test cases
||Requires a comprehensive understanding of the software application and the ability to write effective test cases
||Provides fast feedback on the quality of individual units or components
||Provides a comprehensive understanding of the quality and readiness of the entire software application
||Typically executed by developers in a continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) pipeline
||Typically executed by independent testers in a separate testing environment
|Types of testing
||Tests for both functional and non-functional aspects of the software application
||Tests for both functional and non-functional aspects of the software application, including performance, security, and usability testing