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Difference between System Testing and Integration Testing

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  • Last Updated : 30 Aug, 2022
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System Testing: While developing a software or application product, it is tested at the final stage as a whole by combining all the product modules and this is called as System Testing. The primary aim of conducting this test is that it must fulfill the customer/user requirement specification. It is also called an end-to-end test, as is performed at the end of the development. This testing does not depend on system implementation; in simple words, the system tester doesn’t know which technique between procedural and object-oriented is implemented. This testing is classified into functional and non-functional requirements of the system. In functional testing, the testing is similar to black-box testing which is based on specifications instead of code and syntax of the programming language used. On the other hand, non-functional testing, checks for performance and reliability by generating test cases in the corresponding programming language. 

Integration Testing: This testing is the collection of the modules of the software, where the relationship and the interfaces between the different components are also tested. It needs coordination between the project-level activities of integrating the constituent components at a time. The integration and integration testing must adhere to a building plan for the defined integration and identification of the bug in the early stages. However, an integrator or integration tester must have programming knowledge, unlike a system tester. 

Difference between System Testing and Integration Testing :

S.

No.

ComparisonSystem TestingIntegration Testing
1.BasicTests the finished product.Validates the collection and interface modules.
2.PerformedAfter integration testingAfter unit testing
3.RequiresUnderstanding of the internal structure and programming language.Knowledge of just interlinked modules and their interaction.
4.EmphasisOn the behavior of all module as a whole.System functionalities interface between individual modules.
5.CoversFunctional as well as non-functional tests.Only functional testing.
6.Test casesCreated to imitate real life scenarios.Build to simulate the interaction between two modules.
7.Approachesbig-bang, incremental and functional.Sanity, regression, usability, retesting, maintenance and performance tests.
8.ExecutedOnly by test engineers.By test engineers as well as developers.
9.Finding errorsSystem testing aids in locating system errors and any defect found to be regarded as system defect.Integration testing assists in locating interface errors and any defect found is of individual module only.
10.Functional and Non-functional AspectIt is used to conduct both functional and non-functional testing. It covers only integrated components’ functional aspects.
11.Types
  • Functional testing
  • Scalability testing
  • Reliability testing
  • Security testing
  • Performance testing
  • Usability testing
  • Installation testing, etc.
  • Top-down
  • Bottom-up
  • Big-bang 
  • Hybrid integration
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