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Difference between Spoofing and Phishing

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  • Last Updated : 22 Jul, 2022
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Spoofing: Spoofing is a type of attack on a computer device in which the attacker tries to steal the identity of the legitimate user and act as another person. This kind of attack is done to breach the security of the system or to steal the information of the users.

Example: Hackers normally change their IP addresses to hack a website so that the hacker can’t be traced.

Phishing: Phishing is a type of attack on a computer device where the attacker tries to find the sensitive information of users in a fraud manner through electronic communication by intending to be from a related trusted organization in an automated manner.

Example: Sometimes hackers through communication ask for OTP or secret PIN of bank transactions by acting as an employee of the bank which is a fraud manner.

Difference between Spoofing and Phishing:

S. No.SpoofingPhishing
1.Hacker tries to steal the identity to act as another individual.Hacker tries to steal the sensitive information of the user.
2.It doesn’t require fraud.It is operated in a fraudulent manner.
3.Information is not theft.Information is theft.
4.Spoofing can be part of the phishing.Phishing can’t be the part of the spoofing.
5.Needs to download some malicious software on the victim’s computer.No such malicious software is needed.
6.Spoofing is done to get a new identity.Phishing is done to get secret information.
7.Types: IP Spoofing, Email Spoofing, URL Spoofing etc.Types: Phone Phishing, Clone Phishing etc.


  • Hacking of a complete website by modifying its IP Address. 
  • A banking website appears to be legitimate but it is used to gather sensitive information from user and many more.


Emails containing these type of terms:

  • Click Here 
  • Verify your personal information
  • Payment Failed
  • Tax Refunds

The best and common way to stop a spoofing attack- 

  • Ensure the destination of the link received via emails by hovering over the link before clicking on it.
  • Delete strange emails like unprofessional emails, alarming messages, misspellings in the message body, etc.
  • Open the attached documents or any other type of attachment from reliable source only.

The best and common way to stop a phishing attack- 

  •  Be wary of grammatical flaws in the communication’s content.
  • Keep a check on spelling mistakes in an email.
  • Check for the phrase structure and unusual sentence phrasing.
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