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Difference between PostgreSQL and HBase

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  • Last Updated : 09 Jun, 2022

1. HBase: This model is used to provide random access to a large amount of structured data. It builds on the top of the Hadoop file system and is column-oriented in nature. It is used to store the data in HDFS. It is an open-source database that provides data replication. Three important components of HBase are HMaster, Region server, and Zookeeper. 

Applications:

  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • fraud detection applications
  • product catalogs 
  • messaging applications
  • web applications

2. PostgreSQL: PostgreSQL is a powerful, open-source Object-relational database system. It provides good performance with low maintenance efforts because of its high stability. PostgreSQL was the first DBMS that implemented the multi-version concurrency control (MVCC) feature. 

Applications:

  • Financial Industry
  • Government GIS data
  • Web Technology
  • Scientific data

Difference between PostgreSQL and HBase:

S. No.ParametersHBasePostgreSQL
1.BasicsWide-column database based on Apache Hadoop and BigTable concepts. It is a widely used open-source Relational Database Management System (RDBMS).
2.Website hbase.apache.org www.postgresql.org
3. Documentationhbase.apache.org www.postgresql.org/¬≠docs
4.Developed byApache Software FoundationPostgreSQL Global Development Group
5.Written in Programming LanguageHBase is written in the JAVA language.PostgreSQL is written in C language.
6.SQL It does not support SQL (Structured Query Language).It supports SQL query language.
7.XML supportIt does not support XML Format.It supports XML Format.
8.Primary Database ModelIt uses a Column-oriented model.It uses Relational Database Management System (RDBMS).
9.Secondary Database ModelIt has no Secondary database models.It has a Document store as a Secondary database model.
10.Server OSLinux, Unix, Windows FreeBSD, HP-UX, Linux, NetBSD, OpenBSD, OS X, Solaris, Unix, Windows
11.Secondary IndexIt does not support secondary indexes.It allows secondary indexes.
12.Supported Programming LanguagesC, C#, C++, Java, PHP, Python, Scala.Net, C, C++, Java, JavaScript (Node.js), Perl, PHP, Python
13.Map ReduceIt supports the Map Reduce model.It does not support the Map Reduce model.
14.In-memory capabilitiesIt supports in-memory capabilities.It does not support in-memory capabilities.
15.Based onHBase is based on BigTable.PostgreSQL is based on RDBMS.
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