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Difference between IPSec and SSL

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IPSec Protocol is an Internet Engineering Task Force standard suite of protocols between two communication points. It can also be defined as encrypted, decrypted, and authenticated packets. It generally uses cryptographic security services to protect communications. It can be seen that network-level peer and data origin authentication, data integrity, data encryption, and protection are supported by IPsec. For Example, IPSec can be used in between two routers in order to create a site-to-site VPN and between a firewall and windows host for a remote access VPN. 

SSL is a networking protocol that is used at the transport layer to provide a secure connection between the client and the server over the internet. It is a transparent protocol that requires little interaction from the end-user when establishing a secure session. SSL Tunneling involves a client that requires an SSL connection to a backend service or secure server via a proxy server. For Example, For securing the communication between a web browser and a web server, the SSL is used. 

Difference between IPSec and SSL:

Internet protocol security (IPsec) is a set of protocols that provide security for Internet Protocol.SSL is a secure protocol developed for sending information securely over the Internet.
It Work in Internet Layer of the OSI model.It Work in Between the transport layer and application layer of the OSI model.
Configuration of IPsec is ComplexConfiguration of SSL is Comparatively Simple
IPsec is used to secure a Virtual Private Network.SSL is used to secure web transactions.
Installation process is Vendor Non-SpecificInstallation process is Vendor Specific
Changes are required to OS for implementation. NO Changes are required to the applicationNo changes are required to OS for implementation but Changes are required to application
IPsec resides in the for operating the  system spaceSSL resides in user space
IPsec has a pre-shared key.SSL does not have a pre-shared Key.
Last Updated : 22 Feb, 2023
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