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Difference Between Hadoop and Splunk

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The Apache Hadoop software library is a framework that allows for the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of computers using simple programming models. In simple terms, Hadoop is a framework for processing ‘Big Data’. It is designed to scale up from single servers to thousands of machines, each offering local computation and storage. Hadoop is open-source software. The core of Apache Hadoop consists of a storage part, known as the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS), and a processing part which is a Map-Reduce programming model. Hadoop splits files into large blocks and distributes them across nodes in a cluster. It then transfers packaged code into nodes to process the data in parallel. Hadoop was created by Doug Cutting and Mike Cafarella in 2005.

Advantages of Hadoop:

  • Scalability: Hadoop is designed to handle massive amounts of data, making it highly scalable and able to handle growing data volumes.
  • Cost-effective: Hadoop is open-source software, making it cost-effective for organizations to use for big data processing and analysis.
  • Flexibility: Hadoop is a flexible tool that can handle various data types and sources, making it useful for a wide range of applications.
  • Fault tolerance: Hadoop is designed to be fault-tolerant, with data replication and redundancy built into the system to prevent data loss.

Disadvantages of Hadoop:

  • Complexity: Hadoop is a complex tool that requires significant technical expertise to set up and maintain.
  • Slow speed: Hadoop is not designed for real-time processing, making it slower for certain types of applications.
  • Steep learning curve: Hadoop requires significant training and experience to use effectively, which can be a barrier to adoption for some organizations.


 Splunk is a software mainly used for searching, monitoring, and examining machine-generated Big Data through a web-style interface. Splunk performs capturing, indexing, and correlating the real-time data in a searchable container from which it can produce graphs, reports, alerts, dashboards, and visualizations. Splunk is a monitoring tool. It aims to build machine-generated data available over an organization and is able to recognize data patterns, produce metrics, diagnose problems, and grant intelligence for business operation purposes. Splunk is a technology used for application management, security, and compliance, as well as business and web analytics. Michael Baum, Rob Das, and Erik Swan co-founded Splunk in 2003. 

Advantages of Splunk:

  • Real-time data processing: Splunk is designed for real-time processing, making it ideal for applications that require up-to-date data.
  • User-friendly: Splunk has a user-friendly interface and does not require extensive technical expertise to use effectively.
  • Powerful search capabilities: Splunk has powerful search and analysis capabilities, making it easy to find and analyze data quickly.
  • Security: Splunk has built-in security features to protect data from unauthorized access.

Disadvantages of Splunk:

  • Cost: Splunk can be expensive for organizations, especially as data volumes grow.
  • Limited data storage: Splunk has limited data storage capabilities, which can be a challenge for organizations that need to store large amounts of data.
  • Complexity: While Splunk is user-friendly, more advanced features can be complex and require technical expertise to use effectively.
  • Vendor lock-in: Organizations that use Splunk are locked into using proprietary software, which can limit flexibility and make it difficult to switch to other tools in the future.

Similarities between Hadoop and Splunk:

  • Scalability: Both Hadoop and Splunk are designed to be scalable and can handle large amounts of data.
  • Data processing: Both tools are designed to process and analyze data, though they do so in different ways. Hadoop is a batch processing system, while Splunk is designed for real-time processing.
  • Data storage: Both Hadoop and Splunk are capable of storing and managing large amounts of data.
  • Integration: Both tools can integrate with other software and tools to provide a more comprehensive data processing and analysis solution.
  • Data sources: Both Hadoop and Splunk can handle various data types and sources, making them versatile tools for different applications.
  • Security: Both tools have built-in security features to protect data from unauthorized access.


Below is a table of differences between Hadoop and Splunk: 

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Feature Hadoop Splunk
Definition Hadoop is an open source product. It’s a framework that allows storing and processing Big data using HDFs and MapR Splunk is Real-time monitoring tool. It could br for application, security, performance and management
Components HDFS-Hadoop distributed file system.
Map Reduce algorithm.
Splunk Indexer
Splunk Forwarder
Deployment server
Architecture Hadoop architecture follows distributed fashion and it’s a master worker architecture for transforming and analyzing large datasets Splunk architecture includes components that are in charge for data ingestion, indexing and analytics. Splunk deployment can be of two type’s standalone and distributed
Relation Hadoop passes the result sets to Splunk Collection of data and processing will be done by hadoop, visualization of those results and reporting will be done by Splunk
Benefits Hadoop identifies the insights in the raw data and helps business to make good choices. Splunk gives operational intelligence to optimize the IT operations cost
Features Flexibility
Data replication
Very fast in data processing
Splunk collects and indexes the data from many sources
Real time monitoring
Splunk has very powerful search, analysis capabilities
Splunk supports reporting and alerting
Splunk supports software installation and cloud service
Products Hortonworks Hadoop
R server
Interactive Query
Splunk Enterprise
Splunk Cloud
Splunk Light
Splunk Enterprise Security
Designed for Financial Domain
Fraud Detection and Prevention
Create Dashboard to analyze result
Monitor Business metrics


Both Hadoop and Splunk are powerful tools for managing and analyzing big data. Organizations must carefully evaluate their needs and requirements before deciding which tool is best for their specific use case.

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Last Updated : 19 Mar, 2023
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