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Data Warehousing

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021

Background 
A Database Management System (DBMS) stores data in the form of tables, uses ER model and the goal is ACID properties. For example, a DBMS of college has tables for students, faculty, etc. 

A Data Warehouse is separate from DBMS, it stores a huge amount of data, which is typically collected from multiple heterogeneous sources like files, DBMS, etc. The goal is to produce statistical results that may help in decision makings. For example, a college might want to see quick different results, like how is the placement of CS students has improved over the last 10 years, in terms of salaries, counts, etc. 

Need of Data Warehouse 
An ordinary Database can store MBs to GBs of data and that too for a specific purpose. For storing data of TB size, the storage shifted to Data Warehouse. Besides this, a transactional database doesn’t offer itself to analytics. To effectively perform analytics, an organization keeps a central Data Warehouse to closely study its business by organizing, understanding, and using its historic data for taking strategic decisions and analyzing trends. 

Data Warehouse vs DBMS 
 

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Example Applications of Data Warehousing 
Data Warehousing can be applied anywhere where we have a huge amount of data and we want to see statistical results that help in decision making. 
 

  • Social Media Websites: The social networking websites like Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, etc. are based on analyzing large data sets. These sites gather data related to members, groups, locations, etc., and store it in a single central repository. Being a large amount of data, Data Warehouse is needed for implementing the same.
  • Banking: Most of the banks these days use warehouses to see the spending patterns of account/cardholders. They use this to provide them special offers, deals, etc.
  • Government: Government uses a data warehouse to store and analyze tax payments which are used to detect tax thefts.

There can be many more applications in different sectors like E-Commerce, telecommunications, Transportation Services, Marketing and Distribution, Healthcare, and Retail. 

Reference : 
http://www3.cs.stonybrook.edu/~cse634/presentations/DataWarehousing-part-1.pdf 

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