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Cutting Rectangles

Last Updated : 11 Apr, 2023
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Given a rectangle of dimensions L x B find the minimum number (N) of identical squares of the maximum side that can be cut out from that rectangle so that no residue remains in the rectangle. Also, find the dimension K of that square.

Examples:

Input: L = 2, B = 4
Output: N = 2, K = 2
Explanation: 2 squares of 2×2 dimension.

Input: L = 6, B = 3
Output: N = 2, K = 3
Explanation: 2 squares of 3×3 dimension.

Approach: To solve the problem follow the below idea:

In this method, we are using the GCD which is the greatest common divisor to compute the dimensions of the rectangle with the smallest possible area.

Follow the steps to solve the problem:

  • Make a function with List return type name as minimumSquares which takes the length and breadth of the rectangle as input.
  • Create an ArrayList of long types to store the minimum number of squares and the dimension of the square.
  • Create two long variables and initialize them to 0.
  • Find gcd (greatest common divisor) with the help of the gcd function and store it in K
    • gcd function is a long return type that takes two long values as an input parameters.
    • returns greatest common divisor
  • Now as we have calculated the dimension of the required square and we know the area of the rectangle so just divide the area of the rectangle by the area of one square and we will get the number of squares.
  • Now add values of N and K into ArrayList and return them.

Below is the implementation for the above approach:

C++

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

using namespace std;

long long gcd(long long a, long long b) {
    if (b == 0)
        return a;
    else
        return gcd(b, a % b);
}

vector<long long> minimumSquares(long long L, long long B) {
    vector<long long> arr;
    long long k = 0;
    long long n = 0;
    k = gcd(L, B);
    n = (L * B) / (k * k);
    arr.push_back(n);
    arr.push_back(k);

    return arr;
}

int main() {
    long long L = 2, B = 4;
    vector<long long> result = minimumSquares(L, B);
    cout << result[0] << " " << result[1] << endl;

    return 0;
}

Java

// Java code for the above approach:
import java.util.*;

class GFG {
    static long gcd(long a, long b)
    {
        if (b == 0)
            return a;
        else
            return gcd(b, a % b);
    }
    static ArrayList<Long> minimumSquares(long L, long B)
    {

        // Code here
        ArrayList<Long> arr = new ArrayList<>();
        long k = 0;
        long n = 0;
        k = gcd(L, B);
        n = (L * B) / (k * k);
        arr.add(n);
        arr.add(k);

        return arr;
    }

    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int L = 2, B = 4;
        System.out.println(minimumSquares(L, B));
    }
}

Python3

# Python code for the above approach:

def gcd(a, b):
    if b == 0:
        return a
    else:
        return gcd(b, a % b)

def minimumSquares(L, B):
    arr = []
    k = 0
    n = 0
    k = gcd(L, B)
    n = (L * B) // (k * k)
    arr.append(n)
    arr.append(k)
    return arr

# Driver code
L = 2
B = 4
result = minimumSquares(L, B)
print(result[0], result[1])

C#

// C# code for the above approach:
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class GFG {

    static long gcd(long a, long b)
    {
        if (b == 0) {
            return a;
        }
        else {
            return gcd(b, a % b);
        }
    }

    static List<long> minimumSquares(long L, long B)
    {
        List<long> arr = new List<long>();
        long k = 0;
        long n = 0;
        k = gcd(L, B);
        n = (L * B) / (k * k);
        arr.Add(n);
        arr.Add(k);
        return arr;
    }

    static public void Main()
    {

        // Code
        int L = 2, B = 4;
        Console.Write("[");
        Console.Write(
            string.Join(", ", minimumSquares(L, B)));
        Console.Write("]");
    }
}

Javascript

function gcd(a, b) {
  if (b === 0) {
    return a;
  } else {
    return gcd(b, a % b);
  }
}

function minimumSquares(L, B) {
  const arr = [];
  let k = 0;
  let n = 0;
  k = gcd(L, B);
  n = (L * B) / (k * k);
  arr.push(n);
  arr.push(k);

  return arr;
}

const L = 2, B = 4;
const result = minimumSquares(L, B);
console.log(result[0] + " " + result[1]);
Output

[2, 2]

Time Complexity: O(log min(L, B))
Auxiliary Space: O(1)


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