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CSS Frameworks

Last Updated : 22 Dec, 2023
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CSS Framework is a pre-prepared library that contains different styles and templates that help to standardize the steps for designing and developing, along with enhancing the process of designing and styling web pages by providing the leverage to expedite the Developers. CSS frameworks tackle the challenge of responsive design, seamlessly adapting layouts to diverse screen sizes.

Why to use CSS Frameworks?

CSS framework provides various features like efficiency, responsive design, cross-browser compatibility, customization, and community support. CSS framework is used to write CSS code more efficiently. Most of the time writing CSS code from scratch is quite time-consuming and it takes a lot of time to debug. CSS frameworks are built with pre-designed components and pre-coded utility classes useful overall development process by reducing the time writing CSS from scratch.

How to Choose the Right CSS Framework for a Project?

  • Project Requirements: Choose the framework according to the nature of your project. First, understand what kind of project you are going to develop. A small website, a simple landing page, or a large-scale application such as an e-commerce platform because some frameworks are comprehensive and provide many features, while others are lightweight with fewer features and useful for small projects.
  • Performance: Check the file size of the framework, a smaller file size increases the load time of the web page and enhances the performance of the website.
  • Community and Support: Choose the framework that has large and active community support, you can be updated on all the updates and have a good amount of resources such as documentation, tutorials, etc that are useful throughout the development process.
  • Responsiveness: If the project requires a responsive design then choose a framework that supports a mobile-first approach for development. The built-in grid systems, utility classes, and responsive pre-designed components are useful.
  • Browser Compatibility: Ensure that the framework has been tested and is compatible with major browsers to avoid cross-browser compatibility issues.

Benefits of CSS Frameworks

  • Efficiency: CSS frameworks are always on top when time is a concern since you do not need to write code from scratch there is a pre-designed set of codes that will help developers simply integrate into their applications which helps to save lots of time with pleasing design.
  • Browser Compatibility: There is always a challenge in how the website looks on different browsers but CSS frameworks are designed after various testing across various browsers which reduces extensive debugging.
  • Responsiveness: Most CSS frameworks provide a feature of responsiveness when you use their utility classes or components.
  • Community Support: Most of the popular CSS frameworks have large community support.

Popular CSS Frameworks

The most popular CSS Frameworks are given below:

CSS FrameWork

Current Version And Release Date




Current Version: 5.3.2

Release Date: 14 September 2023

Bootstrap is a popular CSS Framework. It has strong community support. You can easily integrate code in your web applications with the help of their pre-designed layouts like buttons, Navbar, etc. You can also add Utility classes to your element.
Strong Community, provides Pre-designed Layouts and has Responsive Features.
Tailwind CSS

Current Version: 3.3.5

Release Date: 25 October 2023

Tailwind CSS is a Utility first CSS framework It is highly customizable. With the help of Utility Classes and inline style, developers can easily make a good design. Tailwind CSS is responsive and makes development easy.
It can be easily customizable. It has a feature of utility classes and is popular for mobile-first design
Semantic UI

Current Version: 2.5.0

Release Date: 06 October 2022

Semantic UI is an open-source framework with good community support. It uses classes to add CSS to the elements. It has various components that can be integrated into the application easily. It has Large community support. Provide components that can very easily make web pages beautifully in very little time.
Materialize CSS

Current Version: 2.0.3-beta

Release Date: N/A

Materialize CSS is designed by Google. It makes web pages responsive and compatible with Mobile, Tablets, and other screen sizes. Provide the feature of responsiveness.

Current Version: 0.9.4

Release Date: 8 May 2022

Bulma is an Open source CSS framework. This is based on the CSS Flexbox property. It is popular because of its responsiveness and minimizes the use of media queries. Provide the feature of responsiveness. It is Cost-effective.
Primer CSS

Current Version: 21.0.9

Release Date: October

Primer CSS is a popular CSS framework and can easily installed by npm or you can add it with a CDN link. It has a feature of components and utilities for giving flexibility to the developer. Easy to learn and integrate on the web pages. Based on reusable components and utilities.

Current Version: 6.7.5

Release Date: 12 July 2022

Foundation is an open-source CSS framework created by ZURB in 2011. It creates responsive web pages that work well on any screen size. This framework has various features like Smooth scrolling notes, Includes XY grids, and makes prototyping easy. It is easy to use and integrate via a CDN link inside your HTML file. Provide the feature of responsiveness. Easy to learn and integrate on the web pages via CDN links.

Current Version: 3.0.0

Release Date: 27 October 2022

This CSS framework was developed by Yahoo. It is a mobile-friendly lightweight framework that gives features like responsive layouts using grids. Lightweight framework. Provide the feature of responsiveness.
Blaze UI

Current Version: 1.6.10

Release Date: N/A

Blaze UI is an open-source CSS framework for building UI. It is popular because it is fast and lightweight. Beginner developers can easily start with this framework because the toolkit is well-documented. It has a small community. This framework is Cost-effective having a small community and easy to understand.
UI kit

Current Version: 3.17.10

Release Date: 17 November 2023

The UI kit is a CSS framework popular for its feature of minimalism. UI kit has a large variety of UI components. UI kit also works well with Less and Sass. Based on reusable components. It can easily work with Less and Sass.

Current Version: N/A

Release Date: N/A

Skeleton is Mobile friendly and easy-to-learn CSS framework. It contains 400 lines of code with features like buttons, forms, media queries, etc help you to make a good and complex website. It is a boilerplate that is useful for small projects and beginner developers. Easy to learn and integrate on the web pages. Skeleton is Mobile friendly.

Current Version: 1.4.1

Release Date: N/A

Miligram is very small in size it is 2kb providing lots of features. Miligram is lightweight and easy to understand. Small in size, cost-effective, and easy to learn.

Current Version: 2.9.3

Release Date: 7 September 2023

Fomantic-UI is an open-source CSS framework. It can be customizable and easy to use. Easy to learn and integrate on the web pages. This framework is Cost-effective.

Current Version: 1.5.10

Release Date: N/A

Pico.css is a lightweight CSS framework with less than 10kb minified in size for semantic HTML. It has an automatic dark mode enabled feature. It is responsive and makes development easy. Some automatic features make this framework more powerful like the dark mode enabled feature.

Current Version: 0.7.1

Release Date: N/A

Cirrus provides a feature of responsiveness which makes development easy. It is compressed to 17.8kb in size. It can easily installed from yarn and imported to your project. It has components, and utility classes that can be used through inline HTML elements to give a responsive and beautiful layout without requiring media queries. Provide the feature of responsiveness. Integrate easily based on components and utility classes.

Advantages of CSS Framework

  • Fast Development: CSS frameworks provide pre-designed components and utility classes that are useful for writing code fast with tight deadlines.
  • Responsive Design: Many CSS frameworks are built with a responsive design approach that works well on all screen sizes.
  • Cross-browser Compatibility: Frameworks are tested across multiple browsers, to ensure the appearance and behavior. This will save developers time in resolving browser-specific issues.
  • Community Support: There are many popular CSS frameworks that have large and active community support that helps developers resolve their issues through documentation, tutorials, blogs, etc.

Disadvantages of CSS Framework

  • Big File Size: If the project prioritizes the performance then it can be impactful to load the entire CSS framework in a project, and it may result in a slow loading time.
  • Limited Customization: While using CSS frameworks they can limit the customization it may require the custom design overriding or modifying the default styles which can be time-consuming and impacts code readability.
  • Learning Curve: Learning any new CSS framework is always challenging and time-consuming.
  • Dependency: When you use the CSS framework the project becomes dependent if the changes happen in the framework or become outdated then it can impact the project.

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