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Create Directory or Folder with C/C++ Program

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 31 May, 2020

Problem: Write a C/C++ program to create a folder in a specific directory path.

This task can be accomplished by using the mkdir() function. Directories are created with this function. (There is also a shell command mkdir which does the same thing). The mkdir() function creates a new, empty directory with name filename.

// mkdir() function
int mkdir (char *filename)

Note: A return value of 0 indicates successful completion, and -1 indicates failure.

  • Program to create a directory in Windows using Turbo C compiler:

    // C program to create a folder
    #include <conio.h>
    #include <sys/types.h>
    #include <sys/stat.h>
    #include <unistd.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    void main()
        int check;
        char* dirname = "geeskforgeeks";
        check = mkdir(dirname,0777);
        // check if directory is created or not
        if (!check)
            printf("Directory created\n");
        else {
            printf("Unable to create directory\n");


    Directory created.
    a.out  geeskforgeeks  main.c 
  • Program to create a directory in Linux/Unix using GCC/G++ compiler:

    // C++ program to create a directory in Linux
    #include <bits/stdc++.h>
    #include <iostream>
    #include <sys/stat.h>
    #include <sys/types.h>
    using namespace std;
    int main()
        // Creating a directory
        if (mkdir("geeksforgeeks", 0777) == -1)
            cerr << "Error :  " << strerror(errno) << endl;
            cout << "Directory created";


    Directory created.

Note: Above source codes would not run on online IDEs as the program requires the directory path in the system itself.

This article is contributed by Rishav Raj. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using or mail your article to See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

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