count_if() in C++ STL
count_if() function returns the number of elements in a range that satisfy the condition.
template <class InputT, class UnaryPredicate> typename iterator_traits <InputT> :: difference_type count_if(InputT first, InputT last, UnaryPredicate p);
Input: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Output: Total no of even numbers is: 5 Input: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Output: Total no of even numbers is: 6
The count_if function takes three parameters, the first two of which are the first and the last position of the sequence of the elements (where the last position is not included in the range) while the third parameter is an unary predicate ( takes single argument to check the condition and returns true or false ) that takes the element of given sequence one by one as a parameter and returns a boolean value on the basis of condition
specified in that function. One thing we should keep in mind is that type of the predicate should be same as the type of the container.
Then, count_if() returns the number of elements in the given sequence for which the comparator function
(third parameter) returns true.
Total no of even numbers is: 5