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list::push_front() and list::push_back() in C++ STL

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 23 Jun, 2022
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Lists are containers used in C++ to store data in a non-contiguous fashion, Normally, Arrays and Vectors are contiguous in nature, therefore the insertion and deletion operations are costlier as compared to the insertion and deletion option in Lists. 

list::push_front()

push_front() function is used to push elements into a list from the front. The new value is inserted into the list at the beginning, before the current first element and the container size is increased by 1.

Syntax : 

listname.push_front(value)
Parameters :
The value to be added in the front is 
passed as the parameter
Result :
Adds the value mentioned as the parameter 
to the front of the list named as listname

Examples: 

Input : list list{1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
        list.push_front(6);
Output : 6, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Input : list list{5, 4, 3, 2, 1};
        list.push_front(6);
Output :6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1

Errors and Exceptions 

  1. Strong exception guarantee – if an exception is thrown, there are no changes in the container.
  2. If the value passed as argument is not supported by the list, it shows undefined behavior.

C++




// CPP program to illustrate
// push_front() function
#include <iostream>
#include <list>
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
    list<int> mylist{ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
    mylist.push_front(6);
 
    // list becomes 6, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
 
    for (auto it = mylist.begin(); it != mylist.end(); ++it)
        cout << ' ' << *it;
}

Output: 

6 1 2 3 4 5

Application: Input an empty list with the following numbers and order using push_front() function and sort the given list. 

Input :  7, 89, 45, 6, 24, 58, 43
Output : 6, 7, 24, 43, 45, 58, 89

C++




// CPP program to illustrate
// application Of push_front() function
#include <iostream>
#include <list>
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
    list<int> mylist{};
    mylist.push_front(43);
    mylist.push_front(58);
    mylist.push_front(24);
    mylist.push_front(6);
    mylist.push_front(45);
    mylist.push_front(89);
    mylist.push_front(7);
 
    // list becomes 7, 89, 45, 6, 24, 58, 43
    // Sorting function
 
    mylist.sort();
 
    for (auto it = mylist.begin(); it != mylist.end(); ++it)
        cout << ' ' << *it;
}

Output: 

 6 7 24 43 45 58 89

list::push_back()

push_back() function is used to push elements into a list from the back. The new value is inserted into the list at the end, after the current last element and the container size is increased by 1.

Syntax :  

listname.push_back(value)
Parameters :
The value to be added in the back is 
passed as the parameter
Result :
Adds the value mentioned as the parameter 
to the back of the list named as listname

Examples: 

Input : list list{1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
        list.push_back(6);
Output :1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Input : list list{5, 4, 3, 2, 1};
        list.push_back(0);
Output :5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0

Errors and Exceptions 

  1. Strong exception guarantee – if an exception is thrown, there are no changes in the container.
  2. If the value passed as argument is not supported by the list, it shows undefined behavior.

C++




// CPP program to illustrate
// push_back() function
#include <iostream>
#include <list>
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
    list<int> mylist{ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
    mylist.push_back(6);
 
    // list becomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
 
    for (auto it = mylist.begin(); it != mylist.end(); ++it)
        cout << ' ' << *it;
}

Output: 

1 2 3 4 5 6

Application: Input an empty list with the following numbers and order using push_back() function and sort the given list.  

Input :  7, 89, 45, 6, 24, 58, 43
Output : 6, 7, 24, 43, 45, 58, 89

C++




// CPP program to illustrate
// application Of push_back() function
#include <iostream>
#include <list>
using namespace std;
 
int main()
{
    list<int> mylist{};
    mylist.push_back(7);
    mylist.push_back(89);
    mylist.push_back(45);
    mylist.push_back(6);
    mylist.push_back(24);
    mylist.push_back(58);
    mylist.push_back(43);
 
    // list becomes 7, 89, 45, 6, 24, 58, 43
    // Sorting function
 
    mylist.sort();
 
    for (auto it = mylist.begin(); it != mylist.end(); ++it)
        cout << ' ' << *it;
}

Output: 

 6 7 24 43 45 58 89

Let us see the differences in a tabular form -:

 list::push_front()list::push_back()
1.It is used to insert a new element at the beginning of the list.It is used to add a new element at the end of the list container
2.Its syntax is -:
push_front (const value_type& val);

Its syntax is -:

push_back (const value_type& val);

3.Its takes one parameter that is the value to be inserted.Its takes one parameter that is the value to be inserted.
4.Its complexity is constant.Its complexity is constant.
5.Its iterator validity does not changes.Its iterator validity does not changes.

 


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