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Check whether the given array is perfect or not
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 15 Jul, 2019

There is an array contains some non-negative integers. Check whether the array is perfect or not. An array is called perfect if it is first strictly increasing, then constant and finally strictly decreasing. Any of the three parts can be empty.

Examples:

Input : arr[] = {1, 8, 8, 8, 3, 2}
Output : Yes
The array is perfect as it is first
increasing, then constant and finally
decreasing.

Input : arr[] = {1, 1, 2, 2, 1}
Output : No
The first part is not strictly increasing

Input : arr[] = {4, 4, 4, 4}
Output : Yes

The approach is to iterate the array from the left to the right and increase i (that is 1 initially) while the next element is strictly more than previous. then, iterate the array from the left to the right and increase i while the two adjacent elements are equal. Finally, iterate array from the left to the right and increase i while the next element is strictly less than previous. If we reach end with this process, we say that the array is perfect.

C++

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// CPP program to check whether the given array
// is perfect or not.
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
  
int checkUnimodal(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Cover first strictly increasing part
    int i = 1;
    while (arr[i] > arr[i - 1] && i < n)
        ++i;
  
    // Cover middle equal part
    while (arr[i] == arr[i - 1] && i < n)
        ++i;
  
    // Cover last decreasing part
    while (arr[i] < arr[i - 1] && i < n)
        ++i;
  
    // Return true if we reached end.
    return (i == n);
}
  
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 1, 5, 5, 5, 4, 2 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    if (checkUnimodal(arr, n))
        cout << "Yes" << endl;
    else
        cout << "No" << endl;
}

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Java

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// Java program to check whether the given array
// is perfect or not.
import java.util.*;
  
class Node 
{
      
static boolean checkUnimodal(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Cover first strictly increasing part
    int i = 1;
    while (i < n && arr[i] > arr[i - 1])
        ++i;
  
    // Cover middle equal part
    while (i < n && arr[i] == arr[i - 1])
        ++i;
  
    // Cover last decreasing part
    while (i < n &&arr[i] < arr[i - 1])
        ++i;
  
    // Return true if we reached end.
    return (i == n);
}
  
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int arr[] = { 1, 5, 5, 5, 4, 2 };
    int n = arr.length;
    if (checkUnimodal(arr, n))
        System.out.println("Yes");
    else
        System.out.println("No");
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

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Python3

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# Python 3 program to check whether the 
# given array is perfect or not.
  
def checkUnimodal(arr, n):
      
    # Cover first strictly increasing part
    i = 1
    while (i < n and arr[i] > arr[i - 1]):
        i += 1
  
    # Cover middle equal part
    while (i < n and arr[i] == arr[i - 1]):
        i += 1
  
    # Cover last decreasing part
    while (i < n and arr[i] < arr[i - 1]):
        i += 1
  
    # Return true if we reached end.
    return (i == n)
  
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    arr = [1, 5, 5, 5, 4, 2 ]
    n = len(arr)
    if (checkUnimodal(arr, n)):
        print("Yes")
    else:
        print("No")
  
# This code is contributed by 
# Surendra_Gangwar

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C#

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// C# program to check whether the given array
// is perfect or not.
using System;
  
class GFG
{
    static bool checkUnimodal(int []arr, int n)
{
    // Cover first strictly increasing part
    int i = 1;
    while (i < n && arr[i] > arr[i - 1])
        ++i;
  
    // Cover middle equal part
    while (i < n && arr[i] == arr[i - 1])
        ++i;
  
    // Cover last decreasing part
    while (i < n &&arr[i] < arr[i - 1])
        ++i;
  
    // Return true if we reached end.
    return (i == n);
}
  
// Driver code
static public void Main ()
{
    int []arr = { 1, 5, 5, 5, 4, 2 };
    int n = arr.Length;
    if (checkUnimodal(arr, n))
        Console.Write("Yes");
    else
        Console.Write("No");
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by ajit..

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PHP

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<?php
// PHP program to check whether the 
// given array is perfect or not.
  
function check($arr, $n)
{
    // Cover first strictly increasing part
    $i = 1;
    while ($arr[$i] > $arr[$i - 1] && $i < $n)
        ++$i;
  
    // Cover middle equal part
    while ($arr[$i] == $arr[$i - 1] && $i < $n)
        ++$i;
  
    // Cover last decreasing part
    while ($arr[$i] < $arr[$i - 1] && $i < $n)
        ++$i;
  
    // Return true if we reached end
    return ($i == $n);
}
  
// Driver Code
$arr = array(1, 5, 5, 5, 4, 2);
$n = sizeof($arr);
if (check($arr, $n))
    echo "Yes";
else
    echo "No";
      
// This code is contributed by Akanksha Rai
?>

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Output:

YES

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