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Check for Children Sum Property in a Binary Tree

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 20 Sep, 2022
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Given a binary tree, the task is to check for every node, its value is equal to the sum of values of its immediate left and right child. For NULL values, consider the value to be 0.

Example:

Input:

Output: The given tree satisfies the children sum property

Recommended Practice

Check for Children Sum Property in a Binary Tree using recursion:

To solve the problem follow the below idea:

Traverse the given binary tree. For each node check (recursively) if the node and both its children satisfy the Children Sum Property, if so then return true else return false

Below is the implementation of this approach:

C++




/* Program to check children sum property */
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
/* A binary tree node has data, left
child and right child */
struct node {
    int data;
    struct node* left;
    struct node* right;
};
 
/* returns 1 if children sum property holds
for the given node and both of its children*/
int isSumProperty(struct node* node)
{
    /* left_data is left child data and
       right_data is for right child data*/
    int sum = 0;
 
    /* If node is NULL or it's a leaf node
    then return true */
    if (node == NULL
        || (node->left == NULL && node->right == NULL))
        return 1;
    else {
        /* If left child is not present then 0
        is used as data of left child */
        if (node->left != NULL)
            sum += node->left->data;
 
        /* If right child is not present then 0
        is used as data of right child */
        if (node->right != NULL)
            sum += node->right->data;
 
        /* if the node and both of its children
        satisfy the property return 1 else 0*/
        return ((node->data == sum)
                && isSumProperty(node->left)
                && isSumProperty(node->right));
    }
}
 
/*
Helper function that allocates a new node
with the given data and NULL left and right
pointers.
*/
struct node* newNode(int data)
{
    struct node* node
        = (struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    node->data = data;
    node->left = NULL;
    node->right = NULL;
    return (node);
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    struct node* root = newNode(10);
    root->left = newNode(8);
    root->right = newNode(2);
    root->left->left = newNode(3);
    root->left->right = newNode(5);
    root->right->right = newNode(2);
 
    // Function call
    if (isSumProperty(root))
        cout << "The given tree satisfies "
             << "the children sum property ";
    else
        cout << "The given tree does not satisfy "
             << "the children sum property ";
 
    getchar();
    return 0;
}
// This code is contributed by Akanksha Rai

C




/* Program to check children sum property */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
/* A binary tree node has data, left child and right child
 */
struct node {
    int data;
    struct node* left;
    struct node* right;
};
 
/* returns 1 if children sum property holds for the given
    node and both of its children*/
int isSumProperty(struct node* node)
{
    /* left_data is left child data and right_data is for
       right child data*/
    int left_data = 0, right_data = 0;
 
    /* If node is NULL or it's a leaf node then
       return true */
    if (node == NULL
        || (node->left == NULL && node->right == NULL))
        return 1;
    else {
        /* If left child is not present then 0 is used
           as data of left child */
        if (node->left != NULL)
            left_data = node->left->data;
 
        /* If right child is not present then 0 is used
          as data of right child */
        if (node->right != NULL)
            right_data = node->right->data;
 
        /* if the node and both of its children satisfy the
           property return 1 else 0*/
        if ((node->data == left_data + right_data)
            && isSumProperty(node->left)
            && isSumProperty(node->right))
            return 1;
        else
            return 0;
    }
}
 
/*
 Helper function that allocates a new node
 with the given data and NULL left and right
 pointers.
*/
struct node* newNode(int data)
{
    struct node* node
        = (struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    node->data = data;
    node->left = NULL;
    node->right = NULL;
    return (node);
}
 
/* Driver code */
int main()
{
    struct node* root = newNode(10);
    root->left = newNode(8);
    root->right = newNode(2);
    root->left->left = newNode(3);
    root->left->right = newNode(5);
    root->right->right = newNode(2);
 
    // Function call
    if (isSumProperty(root))
        printf("The given tree satisfies the children sum "
               "property ");
    else
        printf("The given tree does not satisfy the "
               "children sum property ");
 
    getchar();
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to check children sum property
 
/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child
   and a pointer to right child */
class Node {
    int data;
    Node left, right;
 
    public Node(int d)
    {
        data = d;
        left = right = null;
    }
}
 
class BinaryTree {
    Node root;
 
    /* returns 1 if children sum property holds for the
    given node and both of its children*/
    int isSumProperty(Node node)
    {
 
        /* left_data is left child data and right_data is
           for right child data*/
        int left_data = 0, right_data = 0;
 
        /* If node is NULL or it's a leaf node then
        return true */
        if (node == null
            || (node.left == null && node.right == null))
            return 1;
        else {
 
            /* If left child is not present then 0 is used
               as data of left child */
            if (node.left != null)
                left_data = node.left.data;
 
            /* If right child is not present then 0 is used
               as data of right child */
            if (node.right != null)
                right_data = node.right.data;
 
            /* if the node and both of its children satisfy
               the property return 1 else 0*/
            if ((node.data == left_data + right_data)
                && (isSumProperty(node.left) != 0)
                && isSumProperty(node.right) != 0)
                return 1;
            else
                return 0;
        }
    }
 
    /* Driver code */
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();
        tree.root = new Node(10);
        tree.root.left = new Node(8);
        tree.root.right = new Node(2);
        tree.root.left.left = new Node(3);
        tree.root.left.right = new Node(5);
        tree.root.right.right = new Node(2);
 
        // Function call
        if (tree.isSumProperty(tree.root) != 0)
            System.out.println(
                "The given tree satisfies children"
                + " sum property");
        else
            System.out.println(
                "The given tree does not satisfy children"
                + " sum property");
    }
}

Python3




# Python3 program to check children
# sum property
 
# Helper class that allocates a new
# node with the given data and None
# left and right pointers.
 
 
class newNode:
    def __init__(self, data):
        self.data = data
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
 
# returns 1 if children sum property
# holds for the given node and both
# of its children
 
 
def isSumProperty(node):
 
    # left_data is left child data and
    # right_data is for right child data
    left_data = 0
    right_data = 0
 
    # If node is None or it's a leaf
    # node then return true
    if(node == None or (node.left == None and
                        node.right == None)):
        return 1
    else:
 
        # If left child is not present then
        # 0 is used as data of left child
        if(node.left != None):
            left_data = node.left.data
 
        # If right child is not present then
        # 0 is used as data of right child
        if(node.right != None):
            right_data = node.right.data
 
        # if the node and both of its children
        # satisfy the property return 1 else 0
        if((node.data == left_data + right_data) and
           isSumProperty(node.left) and
           isSumProperty(node.right)):
            return 1
        else:
            return 0
 
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    root = newNode(10)
    root.left = newNode(8)
    root.right = newNode(2)
    root.left.left = newNode(3)
    root.left.right = newNode(5)
    root.right.right = newNode(2)
 
    # Function call
    if(isSumProperty(root)):
        print("The given tree satisfies the",
              "children sum property ")
    else:
        print("The given tree does not satisfy",
              "the children sum property ")
 
# This code is contributed by PranchalK

C#




// C# program to check children sum property
using System;
 
/* A binary tree node has data, pointer
to left child and a pointer to right child */
public class Node {
    public int data;
    public Node left, right;
 
    public Node(int d)
    {
        data = d;
        left = right = null;
    }
}
 
class GFG {
    public Node root;
 
    /* returns 1 if children sum property holds
    for the given node and both of its children*/
    public virtual int isSumProperty(Node node)
    {
 
        /* left_data is left child data and
        right_data is for right child data*/
        int left_data = 0, right_data = 0;
 
        /* If node is NULL or it's a leaf
        node then return true */
        if (node == null
            || (node.left == null && node.right == null)) {
            return 1;
        }
        else {
 
            /* If left child is not present
            then 0 is used as data of left child */
            if (node.left != null) {
                left_data = node.left.data;
            }
 
            /* If right child is not present then
            0 is used as data of right child */
            if (node.right != null) {
                right_data = node.right.data;
            }
 
            /* if the node and both of its children
            satisfy the property return 1 else 0*/
            if ((node.data == left_data + right_data)
                && (isSumProperty(node.left) != 0)
                && isSumProperty(node.right) != 0) {
                return 1;
            }
            else {
                return 0;
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        GFG tree = new GFG();
        tree.root = new Node(10);
        tree.root.left = new Node(8);
        tree.root.right = new Node(2);
        tree.root.left.left = new Node(3);
        tree.root.left.right = new Node(5);
        tree.root.right.right = new Node(2);
 
        // Function call
        if (tree.isSumProperty(tree.root) != 0) {
            Console.WriteLine("The given tree satisfies"
                              + " children sum property");
        }
        else {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "The given tree does not"
                + " satisfy children sum property");
        }
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Shrikant13

Javascript




<script>
 
      // JavaScript program to check children sum property
     
    class Node
    {
        constructor(data) {
           this.left = null;
           this.right = null;
           this.data = data;
        }
    }
     
    let root;
    
    /* returns 1 if children sum property holds for the given
    node and both of its children*/
    function isSumProperty(node)
    {
            
        /* left_data is left child data and right_data is for right
           child data*/
        let left_data = 0, right_data = 0;
    
        /* If node is NULL or it's a leaf node then
        return true */
        if (node == null
                || (node.left == null && node.right == null))
            return 1;
        else
        {
               
            /* If left child is not present then 0 is used
               as data of left child */
            if (node.left != null)
                left_data = node.left.data;
    
            /* If right child is not present then 0 is used
               as data of right child */
            if (node.right != null)
                right_data = node.right.data;
    
            /* if the node and both of its children satisfy the
               property return 1 else 0*/
            if ((node.data == left_data + right_data)
                    && (isSumProperty(node.left)!=0)
                    && isSumProperty(node.right)!=0)
                return 1;
            else
                return 0;
        }
    }
     
    root = new Node(10);
    root.left = new Node(8);
    root.right = new Node(2);
    root.left.left = new Node(3);
    root.left.right = new Node(5);
    root.right.right = new Node(2);
    if (isSumProperty(root) != 0)
      document.write("The given tree satisfies the children"
                         + " sum property");
    else
      document.write("The given tree does not satisfy children"
                         + " sum property");
    
</script>

Output

The given tree satisfies the children sum property 

Time Complexity: O(N), we are doing a complete traversal of the tree.
Auxiliary Space: O(log N), Auxiliary stack space used by recursion calls


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