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What is a Variable Rate Home Loan?

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When deciding on the best type of home loan, there are many things to consider, such as the initial interest rate, how much you can afford to pay each month, and whether or not you will be moving in the next few years. However, most people don’t know what a variable rate home loan is. A variable rate home loan has an interest rate that can go up or down depending on the current financial climate and other circumstances that might affect your ability to repay the loan.

A variable rate home loan can offer lower rates than fixed loans, but those low rates come with greater risk. A variable-rate loan offers a lower interest rate than a fixed-rate loan, meaning your monthly payment will be less. But it also means that if interest rates increase, so does your monthly payment—and possibly by more than you’d like. If you’re looking for security over flexibility when it comes to your mortgage, consider paying a bit more each month to ensure that your monthly payment won’t increase significantly over time.

Why Choose a Variable Rate Home Loan?

A variable rate home loan can help you budget more effectively. Unlike a fixed-rate loan, which keeps your repayments consistent over time, with a variable rate home loan your repayments will change as interest rates rise and fall. And while you’ll need to be aware of changes in interest rates to make sure your repayments are set at an affordable level, these loans can also provide some protection against rising interest rates: if market conditions cause interest rates to increase rapidly, you might find yourself able to afford larger monthly payments than under your current fixed-rate deal – which could save you money in years ahead. The same is true if market conditions allow for lower payments than expected; again, that could save you money overall.

Understanding How the Interest Rate Works

You don’t have to worry about interest rates changing if you get a variable rate home loan, but then again, you also don’t have access to any special deals. Most lenders put their borrowers into one of two buckets: fixed-rate or variable-rate. A fixed-rate loan has an interest rate that remains constant over time; with a variable-rate mortgage, your interest rate can fluctuate—usually tied to some sort of financial indexes like inflation or U.S. Treasury bonds—so it’s important to understand how that works before signing on for such a product.

Choosing Which Type of Variable Rate Home Loan You Want

Before you pick a variable rate home loan, compare and weigh your options. One variable rate product might have more features or lower fees than another, so it’s always smart to do your research. When deciding on which type of home loan works best for you, look at cost and flexibility as well as repayment terms and conditions. Are you interested in being able to make extra repayments or only required payments? If it’s important for you to change your repayments easily, then choose an option that will let you do that without penalty or charge – some loans allow repayments to be made by phone through an app on your phone while others require trips to their branches and extra processing fees. Consider all of these things when choosing which type of home loan works best for you.

How Much Will It Cost You Each Month?

Variable-rate home loans can offer lower interest rates than fixed-rate mortgages, but that doesn’t mean they come cheap. Take a few minutes to calculate your monthly mortgage payments before you apply for one so you know what you’re getting into (or talk to an experienced professional). If you’re considering a variable-rate loan and have only worked with fixed-rate mortgages in the past, here are some numbers to think about. Your principal and interest payment will increase or decrease based on changes in index rates (the prime rate) but can never be higher than your index. If interest rates continue to rise as they have been lately, there’s no telling how high your payments could go.

If you are looking for an easy way to save on your home loan, a variable-rate mortgage could be just what you’re looking for. A variable rate loan means that instead of having your interest rate set at a specific amount each month, it fluctuates with market rates. While most rates won’t drop as low as they have been recent, if interest rates do increase in response to economic conditions and/or inflation, you could potentially see savings on your monthly payment or even see your loan pay off early if market interest rates go up significantly. If you plan on staying in your home long-term, having a variable rate mortgage can be useful—and could lead to significant savings over time.

Signs and Effects

Interest rates are typically fixed for a certain time, but variable or adjustable-rate loans will change over time. That’s right: instead of locking you into one particular interest rate, these loans have an interest rate that can fluctuate throughout your loan term. On one hand, that means your monthly payments could change throughout your loan term and leave you vulnerable to rising rates. But on the other hand, if interest rates are on their way down when you start your mortgage—or if they’re about to plunge in anticipation of an economic downturn—you can get out before it becomes too costly.

Facts and Figures

The key to understanding variable rate home loans (VRH) is understanding what causes their interest rates to rise and fall. It’s rarely due to inflation. Rather, it’s based on changes in a benchmark lending rate (also known as an index). In Australia, our two key benchmarks are • Bank Bill Swap Rate (BBSW), which is set by market forces every day; and • Reserve Bank of Australia Overnight Cash Rate (RBAOCR), which is set by Australia’s central bank every month. In most cases, your lender will use BBSW because it’s more flexible than RBAOCR. While RBAOCR can change only once per month, BBSW can change every day! This means that if you have a VRH with BBSW as its benchmark, you could be paying anywhere from 0% to 5% p.a., depending on how much money banks are willing to lend each other at any given time.

Most home loans are offered on an annual percentage rate (APR) basis. However, it’s also possible to arrange your mortgage loan on a variable interest rate basis. This type of loan tends to offer much lower rates at first, but those rates will fluctuate over time based on several factors. 


Last Updated : 22 Sep, 2023
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