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UPSC Mains 2023 General Studies Paper 2 – Question Paper PDF Download (Free)

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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2023 GS Paper 2: On September 16, 2023, UPSC held General Studies Paper 2 as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2023. There were 20 questions. 10 questions were worth ten marks each, while the remaining 10 questions were for 15 marks each.

The Civil Services Examination Mains (Written) is the second level of the coveted and one of the country’s most rigorous tests. The UPSC Mains stage comprises 9 papers in total. GeeksforGeeks has brought you the UPSC Civil Services Mains 2023 GS Paper 2 which will aid you in preparing for the next exam beforehand.

Here you can Download the Latest Official 2023 QP-CSM-23-GENERAL-STUDIES-PAPER-II-180923:

DOWNLOAD GS – 2 QUESTION PAPER: UPSC CSE MAINS 2023 [Click Here]

UPSC Mains 2023 General Studies Paper 2: All Topics Covered

  • Governance
  • Constitution
  • Polity
  • Social Justice and
  • International Relations

UPSC Mains 2023 General Studies Paper 2: Instructions

  • Total Marks: 250, Time Allotted: 3 hours
  • There are 20 questions that are printed in both ENGLISH and HINDI.
  • *All questions are Compulsory.
  • The number of marks carried by a question/part is printed against it.
  • Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.
  • No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
  • Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.
  • Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank must be struck off clearly.
  • The content of the answer is more important than its length.

[ GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 2 ]: UPSC MAINS CIVIL SERVICES IAS EXAM 2023 QUESTION PAPER

Below are the UPSC Civil Services Mains 2023 GS 2 Questions:

1. Constitutionally guaranteed judicial independence is a prerequisite of democracy

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

2. Who is entitled to receive free legal aid? Assess the role of the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) in rendering free legal aid in India.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

3. The states in India seem reluctant to empower urban local bodies both functionally as well as financially.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

4. Compare and contrast the British and Indian approaches to Parliamentary sovereignty.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

5. Discuss the role of Presiding Officers of state legislatures in maintaining order and impartiality in conducting legislative work and in facilitating best democratic practices.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

6. The crucial aspect of the development process has been the inadequate attention paid to Human Resource Development in India. Suggest measures that can address this adequacy.

(Subject: Social Justice, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

7. Discuss the role of the Competition Commission of India in containing the abuse of dominant position by the Multinational Corporations in India. Refer to the recent decisions.

(Subject: Social Justice, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

8. E-governance, as a critical tool of governance, has ushered in effectiveness, transparency and accountability in governments. What inadequacies hamper the enhancement of these features?

(Subject: Social Justice, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

9. Virus of Conflict is affecting the functioning of the SCO’. In the light of the above statement point out the role of India in mitigating problems

(Subject: International Relations, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

10. The Indian diaspora has scaled new heights in the West. Describe its economic and political benefits for India.

(Subject: International Relations, Marks: 10 marks & Answer in 150 words)

11. “The Construction of India is a living instrument with capabilities of enormous dynamism. It is a constitution made for a progressive society.” Illustrate with special reference to the expanding horizons of the right to life and personal liberty.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

12. Explain the constitutional perspectives of Gender Justice with the help of relevant Constitutional Provisions and case laws.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

13. Account for the legal and political factors responsible for the reduced frequency of using Article 356 by the Union Governments since mid-1990s.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

14. Discuss the contribution of civil society groups to women’s effective and meaningful participation and representation in state legislatures in India.

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

15. Explain the significance of the 101st Constitutional Amendment Act. To what extent does it reflect the accommodative spirit of federalism?

(Subject: Polity & Constitution, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

16. Explain the structure of the Parliamentary Committee system. How far have the financial committees helped in the institutionalization of the Indian Parliament?

(Subject: Polity & Constitution Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

17. “Development and welfare schemes for the vulnerable, by its nature, are discriminatory in approach.” Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.

(Subject: Social Justice, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

18. Skill development programs have succeeded in increasing human resources supply to various sectors. In the context of the statement analyze the linkages between education, skill and employment.

(Subject: Social Justice, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

19. ‘The expansion and strengthening of NATO and a stronger US-Europe strategic partnership works well in India.’ What is your opinion about this statement? Give reasons and examples to support your answer.

(Subject: International Relations, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

20. ‘Sea is an important Component of the Cosmos’. Discuss in the light of the above statement the role of the IMO(International Maritime Organisation) in protecting the environment and enhancing maritime safety and security.

(Subject: International Relations, Marks: 15 marks & Answer in 250 words)

Important Notes Regarding the UPSC Mains 2023

Here are some examples of the kind of questions asked in the UPSC Civil Services Examination Mains exam:

  • The questions in the UPSC Mains exam were meant to assess the candidate’s broad knowledge of many disciplines relevant to a career in civil services.
  • Candidates do not need to specialize in any topic, according to the current question trend of the UPSC exam, in order to answer the main questions.
  • Candidates were required to respond to each question with material that was both relevant and instructive.
  • The questions are intended to measure applicants’ analytical abilities as well as their fundamental knowledge in a variety of areas.


Last Updated : 04 Oct, 2023
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