Given two integer N or M find the number of zero’s trailing in product of factorials (N!*M!)?
Input : N = 4, M = 5 Output : 1 Explanation : 4! = 24, 5! = 120 Product has only 1 trailing 0. Input : N = 127!, M = 57! Output : 44
As discussed in number of zeros in N! can be calculated by recursively dividing N by 5 and adding up the quotients.
For example if N = 127, then
Number of 0 in 127! = 127/5 + 127/25 + 127/125 + 127/625
= 25 + 5 + 1 + 0
Number of 0s in N! = 31. Similarly, for M we can calculate and add both of them.
So, by above we can conclude that number of zeroes in N!*M! Is equal to sum of number of zeroes in N! and M!.
f(N) = floor(N/5) + floor(N/5^2) + … floor(N/5^3) + …
f(M) = floor(x/5) + floor(M/5^2) + … floor(M/5^3) + …
Then answer is f(N)+f(M)
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Improved By : jit_t