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SAP HANA – Working, Importance, Features, and Installation

Last Updated : 22 Dec, 2023
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SAP HANA is a fast and powerful database that provides real-time analytics, data processing, and support for various applications within the SAP ecosystem. It was launched in 2010, and it brings a reliable solution to 10,000 customers all around the world. It stores large amounts of data within the memory, which gives zero latency while processing the massive amount of data.


SAP HANA (High performance analytic appliance)

What is SAP HANA?

SAP HANA stands for High performance analytic appliance, which is faster than any other database management system that we use today in our market. It is a database model that stores large amount of data which stores in a memory rather than disks. It allows us to run advanced analytics with high-speed transactions – in any single system. It is very important because various business industries or multinational organizations process massive amounts of data and information with zero latency. It also brings OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) and OLTP (Online Transactional Processing) which makes SAP HANA more unique.

What is the Main Work of SAP HANA?

The main work of SAP HANA is to access the database server, data retrieving, storing requested by clients or application requests. It offers data integration techniques for various structured and unstructured types of data. It helps various organizations to help and build smart solutions, innovative driven applications which is based on real time analysis of data and with latest AI and machine learning technology.

SAP HANA simplifies problem-solving and IT, innovative ideas in business, and breaks down barriers in digital world. Note that HANA is the core of the digital enterprise.

How Fast is SAP HANA?

  • SAP HANA are 3600xs faster than traditional database.
  • They answer queries or responses in less than 1 second.
  • They do have 3.5 billion scans per second per core.
  • They have 15 million aggregations per second per core.

Why SAP HANA is Important?

As we all know hat SAP HANA is an important technology in the field of applications computing for several reasons.

1. Real time Data Processing : It is an in-memory computing capabilities which enables real time data processing and analytics. It means that any organization can access and analyze their data at much faster speeds compared to any traditional database. Main thing here is it enables real time data processing.

2. Simplified Data Model – It simplifies data model by reducing data redundancy and providing a more efficient way to store and access data. It reduces data storage costs and streamlines data management.

3. Advanced Analytics – It allows many organizations to perform advanced analytics, including predictive analytics and prescriptive analytics on large volumes of data which helps to gain business data insights into customer behavior, operational efficiency and other critical aspects.

4. Provides Industry Specific Solutions – It provides configuration to cater to the unique requirement o the various sectors which includes retail, manufacturing, and more.

5. Business Transformation – It plays a key role in digital transformation initiatives. It will make us more agile, to process real time data process, simplifies data infrastructure and harness the power of advanced technologies.

SAP HANA is important because it offers a game changing approach to data analytics and data management which enables organizations to process data in real time that simplifies data infrastructure and it is also act as a cornerstone for modernizing IT systems.

Best Benefits of Utilizing SAP HANA

  1. It includes complete database services, integration of data sources and by using advance analytics processing, and application development.
  2. It responds all type of queries as fast that is less than a second on large production application.
  3. It supports versatility, many data items, and hybrid transaction and analytical processing.
  4. It is much efficient.
  5. It is very powerful because it implements massive parallel processing database.
  6. It provides scalability features for large volume of data and in distributed environment for concurrent users.
  7. It is flexible as it deploys the cloud in various modes depending on the situation.
  8. SAP HANA provides simple gateway to all you data with great virtualization.
  9. SAP HANA acts as an Intelligent analytics system (with ML).
  10. It offers security, secure setup and privacy computing for comprehensive data.

Difference between SAP and SAP HANA

SAP (System Analysis Program)

SAP HANA (High performance analytic appliance)

A software corporation that develops wide range of software solutions especially for business perspective. Its know for its ERP software and has a ecosystem of various industries and business functions.

It is a specific technology based on SAP and it is an in-memory database which leverages in-memory computing to process and analyze data in real time.

It offers ERP software such as SAP S/4 HANA which helps organizations to help and manage their business processes.

It serves as the platform for building and running applications and also it is used for high speed data transfer, processing, advanced analytics and real time processing.

It has a diverse portfolio of software solutions beyond ERP that covers areas like BI, CRM, analytics and so on.

It is often used as underlying database for SAPs ERP and other sources of business applications.

SAP and SAP HANA are different roles in SAP ecosystem.

It makes an versatile platform for modernizing business development and operations.

SAP HANA Features

Depending on the necessity of an enterprise or an application, SAP HANA can be deployed on premises, in the cloud, or as an hybrid system, blending the privacy and control of an on-premises system with the lower cost, high memory, and high access of cloud services. It has an ability to efficiently process high amounts of data which makes it easier and scalable to suit a growing business without sacrificing security. On SAP HANA platform, many developers can build their own tools and applications which can integrate business functions and logic, and the database layer with unprecedented performance.

  1. Database Enhancement – Most DB are well organized around a single data model which limits how the particular data can be stored, processes, organized and manipulated. It supports multiple data models against a single integrated backend.
  2. Data management – SAP HANA in-memory technology has put an end to awesome batch processing, instead keeping all data highly available with zero latency.
  3. Advanced analytics Processing – It is possible to tap into large amount of data. SAP HANA’s machine learning engine extracts data from and writes to the server in real time.
  4. Application development – SAP HANA database is a software stack system which acts as server for any web-based application that a developer chooses to create.
  5. Tools enhancement – It has advanced analytical processing allows various developers to build simple tools that business teams can easily use to produce custom reports.

How much does SAP HANA cost?

Well, the aim here is to implement various different SAP products and operations such as SAP HANA, SAP ERP and so on. SAP HANA acts as more than a database platform and keystone for modern SAP. In SAP HANA first, we need to pay the license costs in order to use HANA database and the cost will depend on the client and it varies from various organizations. Well some things become more complicated in case of hardware investment which is needed in order to build HANA certified hardware platform. It needs a different approach to look for hardware beneath the server. Here the critical resource is SAP HANA memory as well known that it is an in-memory database. If you want to deploy big RAM memory banks then the cost of memory is higher. In order to use less costs appliances use servers which range from 50-96 memory slots by having those slots we can able to build robust HANA appliances. However we need lot of investment. Well the best HANA products in HANA platform are SAP cloud and NVMe storage as they produce excellent products. If you want to use high database for any operations then HANA will be more expensive.

Types of SAP HANA Installation


Types of SAP HANA Installation

We know that SAP is an in-memory database that we can able to update and implement salient features in SAP operations. In this part we would like to what are types or modes available for SAP HANA installations.

  1. Single node system – Well for small scale development and testing purposes this type of installation is used for deploying and all HANA components run in a single server.
  2. High availability system – By minimizing downtime it needs continuous system operations and other aspects of an functioning of HANA. It involves deploying particular hardware and modifying the failover mechanism in order to ensure the software failures.
  3. Multiple node systems – As the word suggest here multiple it means that it can operate and design larger and more complex operations. It distributes HANA components across different servers for better performance and scalability features.


SAP HANA speed and capabilities make it a popular choice for businesses looking to harness the power of in-memory computing for their data-intensive operations. Note that those who having a good knowledge in SAP only they can understand the working and functioning of SAP HANA and its use cases. SAP HANA enables us to make data driven applications and integrates data in real time processing.

Q1. What is SAP HANA?

Answer: SAP HANA stands for High Performance Analytic Appliance which is an in-memory database that runs advanced analytics alongside high speed transactions into a main single system. It is unique and more faster than any other database systems that we use today in our market.

Q2. List the components of SAP HANA?

  • Index server.
  • Name server.
  • Pre processor server.
  • Statistical server.

Q3. What Operating System that SAP HANA will run?

Answer: SUSE Linux and Red hat Linux are the two operating systems in which the SAP HANA applications will run.

Q4. What language does SAP HANA written in?

Answer: It is written in C++ language.

Q5. Is SAP HANA a database or platform or cloud?

Answer: SAP HANA is an database platform which functions and processes data.

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