Reverse tree path using Queue

Given a tree and a node, the task is to reverse the path till the given Node and print the in-order traversal of the modified tree.
Examples: 
 

Input:  
             7
           /   \
          6     5
         / \   / \
        4   3 2   1    
Node = 4 
Output: 7 6 3 4 2 5 1
The path from root to node 4 is 7 -> 6 -> 4
Reversing this path, the modified tree will be:
             4
           /   \
          6     5
         / \   / \
        7   3 2   1 
whose in-order traversal is 7 6 3 4 2 5 1

Input:
            7
         /    \
        6       5
       / \     / \
      4  3     2  1   
Node = 2 
Output: 4 6 3 2 7 5 1

Approach:

  • First store all the nodes on the given path in a queue.
  • If the key is found then replace this node data with the front of queue data and pop the front.
  • Keep on performing this operation in a recursive way up to the root and the path will be reversed in the original tree.
  • Now, print the in-order traversal of the modified tree.

Below is the implementation of the above approach: 
 

C++

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// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// A Binary Tree Node
struct Node {
    int data;
    struct Node *left, *right;
};
 
// Function to reverse the tree path
queue<int> reverseTreePathUtil(Node* root, int data,
                               queue<int> q1)
{
    queue<int> emptyQueue;
 
    // If root is null then return
    // an empty queue
    if (root == NULL)
        return emptyQueue;
 
    // If the node is found
    if (root->data == data) {
 
        // Replace it with the queue's front
        q1.push(root->data);
        root->data = q1.front();
        q1.pop();
        return q1;
    }
 
    // Push data into the queue for
    // storing data from start to end
    q1.push(root->data);
 
    // If the returned queue is empty then
    // it means that the left sub-tree doesn't
    // contain the required node
    queue<int> left = reverseTreePathUtil(root->left,
                                          data, q1);
 
    // If the returned queue is empty then
    // it means that the right sub-tree doesn't
    // contain the required node
    queue<int> right = reverseTreePathUtil(root->right,
                                           data, q1);
 
    // If the required node is found
    // in the right sub-tree
    if (!right.empty()) {
 
        // Replace with the queue's front
        root->data = right.front();
        right.pop();
        return right;
    }
 
    // If the required node is found
    // in the right sub-tree
    if (!left.empty()) {
 
        // Replace with the queue's front
        root->data = left.front();
        left.pop();
        return left;
    }
 
    // Return emptyQueue if path
    // is not found
    return emptyQueue;
}
 
// Function to call reverseTreePathUtil
// to reverse the tree path
void reverseTreePath(Node* root, int data)
{
    queue<int> q1;
    // reverse tree path
    reverseTreePathUtil(root, data, q1);
}
 
// Function to print the in-order
// traversal of the tree
void inorder(Node* root)
{
    if (root != NULL) {
        inorder(root->left);
        cout << root->data << " ";
        inorder(root->right);
    }
}
 
// Utility function to create a new tree node
Node* newNode(int data)
{
    Node* temp = new Node;
    temp->data = data;
    temp->left = temp->right = NULL;
    return temp;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    Node* root = newNode(7);
    root->left = newNode(6);
    root->right = newNode(5);
    root->left->left = newNode(4);
    root->left->right = newNode(3);
    root->right->left = newNode(2);
    root->right->right = newNode(1);
 
    int data = 4;
 
    // Function call to reverse the path
    reverseTreePath(root, data);
 
    // Print the in-order traversal
    // of the modified tree
    inorder(root);
 
    return 0;
}

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Python3

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# Python3 implementation of the
# above approach
  
# A Binary Tree Node
class Node:
     
    def __init__(self, data):
       
        self.data = data
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
  
# Function to reverse the
# tree path
def reverseTreePathUtil(root,
                        data, q1):
 
    emptyQueue = []
  
    # If root is null then
    # return an empty queue
    if (root == None):
        return emptyQueue;
  
    # If the node is found
    if (root.data == data):
  
        # Replace it with the
        # queue's front
        q1.append(root.data);
        root.data = q1[0]
        q1.pop(0);
        return q1;   
  
    # Push data into the
    # queue for storing
    # data from start to end
    q1.append(root.data);
  
    # If the returned queue
    # is empty then it means
    # that the left sub-tree
    # doesn't contain the
    # required node
    left = reverseTreePathUtil(root.left,
                               data, q1);
  
    # If the returned queue is empty
    # then it means that the right
    # sub-tree doesn't contain the
    # required node
    right = reverseTreePathUtil(root.right,
                                data, q1);
  
    # If the required node is found
    # in the right sub-tree
    if len(right) != 0:
  
        # Replace with the queue's
        # front
        root.data = right[0]
        right.pop(0);
        return right;
  
    # If the required node
    # is found in the right
    # sub-tree
    if len(left) != 0:
  
        # Replace with the
        # queue's front
        root.data = left[0]
        left.pop(0);
        return left;
  
    # Return emptyQueue
    # if path is not found
    return emptyQueue;
  
# Function to call reverseTreePathUtil
# to reverse the tree path
def reverseTreePath(root, data):
 
    q1 = []
     
    # reverse tree path
    reverseTreePathUtil(root,
                        data, q1);
  
# Function to print the in-order
# traversal of the tree
def inorder(root):
 
    if (root != None):
        inorder(root.left);
        print(root.data,
              end = ' ')
        inorder(root.right);
  
# Utility function to create
# a new tree node
def newNode(data):
 
    temp = Node(data)
    return temp;
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
     
    root = newNode(7);
    root.left = newNode(6);
    root.right = newNode(5);
    root.left.left = newNode(4);
    root.left.right = newNode(3);
    root.right.left = newNode(2);
    root.right.right = newNode(1);
  
    data = 4;
  
    # Function call to reverse
    # the path
    reverseTreePath(root, data);
  
    # Print the in-order traversal
    # of the modified tree
    inorder(root);
  
# This code is contributed by Rutvik_56

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Output: 

7 6 3 4 2 5 1

 

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