Remove duplicate words from Sentence using Regular Expression

Given a string str which represents a sentence, the task is to remove the duplicate words from sentences using regular expression in java.


Input: str = “Good bye bye world world”
Output: Good bye world
We remove the second occurrence of bye and world from Good bye bye world world

Input: str = “Ram went went to to to his home”
Output: Ram went to his home
We remove the second occurrence of went and the second and third occurrences of to from Ram went went to to to his home.

Input: str = “Hello hello world world”
Output: Hello world
We remove the second occurrence of hello and world from Hello hello world world.


  1. Get the sentence.
  2. Form a regular expression to remove duplicate words from sentences.
    regex = "\\b(\\w+)(?:\\W+\\1\\b)+";

    The details of the above regular expression can be understood as:

    • “\\b”: A word boundary. Boundaries are needed for special cases. For example, in “My thesis is great”, “is” wont be matched twice.
    • “\\w+” A word character: [a-zA-Z_0-9]
    • “\\W+”: A non-word character: [^\w]
    • “\\1”: Matches whatever was matched in the 1st group of parentheses, which in this case is the (\w+)
    • “+”: Match whatever it’s placed after 1 or more times
  3. Match the sentence with the Regex. In Java, this can be done using Pattern.matcher().
  4. return the modified sentence.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:





// Java program to remove duplicate words
// using Regular Expression or ReGex.
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
class GFG {
    // Function to validate the sentence
    // and remove the duplicate words
    public static String
    removeDuplicateWords(String input)
        // Regex to matching repeated words.
        String regex
            = "\\b(\\w+)(?:\\W+\\1\\b)+";
        Pattern p
            = Pattern.compile(
        // Pattern class contains matcher() method
        // to find matching between given sentence
        // and regular expression.
        Matcher m = p.matcher(input);
        // Check for subsequences of input
        // that match the compiled pattern
        while (m.find()) {
                = input.replaceAll(
        return input;
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
        // Test Case: 1
        String str1
            = "Good bye bye world world";
        // Test Case: 2
        String str2
            = "Ram went went to to his home";
        // Test Case: 3
        String str3
            = "Hello hello world world";



Good bye world
Ram went to his home
Hello world

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