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Remove Duplicate Elements from an Object in R Programming – unique() Function

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unique() function in R Language is used to remove duplicated elements/rows from a vector, data frame or array.
Syntax: unique(x) Parameters: x: vector, data frame, array or NULL
Example 1:
# R program to illustrate
# unique function
   
# Initializing some set of numbers
x <- c(1:10, 5:9)
x
  
# Calling unique() function to print
# unique set of numbers
unique(x)

                    
Output:
[1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10  5  6  7  8  9
[1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
Example 2:
# R program to illustrate
# unique function
    
# Initializing a matrix
x <- matrix(rep(1:9, length.out = 18), 
            nrow = 6, ncol = 3, byrow = T)
x
   
# Calling unique() function to print
# unique set of numbers in the matrix
unique(x)

                    
Output:
     [, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    1    2    3
[2, ]    4    5    6
[3, ]    7    8    9
[4, ]    1    2    3
[5, ]    4    5    6
[6, ]    7    8    9

     [, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    1    2    3
[2, ]    4    5    6
[3, ]    7    8    9

Last Updated : 04 Jun, 2020
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