Radii of the three tangent circles of equal radius which are inscribed within a circle of given radius

Given here is a circle of a given radius. Inside it, three tangent circles of equal radius are inscribed. The task is to find the radii of these tangent circles.

Examples:

Input: R = 4
Output: 1.858

Input: R = 11
Output:: 5.1095

Approach:

  • Let the radii of the tangent circles be r, and the radius of the circumscribing circle
    is R.x is the smaller distance from the circumference of the tangent circle and the center of the circumscribing circle.
  • From the diagram, it is very clear,
    2r + x = R
  • now in triangle OBC,
    cos 30 = r/(r+x)
    rcos30 + xcos30 = r
    x = r(1-cos30)/cos30
  • also, x = R-2r
  • So,
    R-2r = r(1-cos30)/cos30
    R-2r = 0.133r/0.867
    R-2r = 0.153r
    R = 2.153r

    so, r = 0.4645R

  Radii of three tangent circles = 0.4645*radius of the circumscribed circle

C++

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// C++ program to find the radii
// of the three tangent circles
// of equal radius when the radius
// of the circumscribed circle is given
  
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
void threetangcircle(int R)
{
    cout << "The radii of the tangent circles is "
         << 0.4645 * R << endl;
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int R = 4;
    threetangcircle(R);
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Java program to find the radii
// of the three tangent circles
// of equal radius when the radius
// of the circumscribed circle is given
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG 
{
  
static void threetangcircle(int R)
{
    System.out.print("The radii of the tangent circles is "
        + 0.4645 * R);
}
  
// Driver code
public static void main (String[] args) 
{
    int R = 4;
    threetangcircle(R);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by anuj_67..

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Python3

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# Python3 program to find the radii
# of the three tangent circles
# of equal radius when the radius
# of the circumscribed circle is given
  
def threetangcircle(R):
    print("The radii of the tangent",
          "circles is ", end = "");
    print(0.4645 * R);
  
# Driver code
R = 4;
threetangcircle(R);
  
# This code is contributed 
# by Princi Singh

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C#

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// C# program to find the radii
// of the three tangent circles
// of equal radius when the radius
// of the circumscribed circle is given
using System;
  
class GFG 
{
  
static void threetangcircle(int R)
{
    Console.WriteLine("The radii of the tangent circles is "
        + 0.4645 * R);
}
  
// Driver code
public static void Main () 
{
    int R = 4;
    threetangcircle(R);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by anuj_67..

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PHP

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<?php
// PHP program to find the radii
// of the three tangent circles
// of equal radius when the radius
// of the circumscribed circle is given
  
function threetangcircle($R)
{
    echo "The radii of the tangent circles is ",
        ( 0.4645 * $R );
}
  
// Driver code
$R = 4;
threetangcircle($R);
      
// This code is contributed by ihritik
?>

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Output:

The radii of the tangent circles is 1.858


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Improved By : vt_m, princi singh, ihritik



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