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Python Program For Deleting A Given Node In Linked List Under Given Constraints

  • Last Updated : 20 Dec, 2021

Given a Singly Linked List, write a function to delete a given node. Your function must follow following constraints: 
1) It must accept a pointer to the start node as the first parameter and node to be deleted as the second parameter i.e., a pointer to head node is not global. 
2) It should not return a pointer to the head node. 
3) It should not accept pointer to pointer to the head node.
You may assume that the Linked List never becomes empty.
Let the function name be deleteNode(). In a straightforward implementation, the function needs to modify the head pointer when the node to be deleted is the first node. As discussed in previous post, when a function modifies the head pointer, the function must use one of the given approaches, we can’t use any of those approaches here. 
Solution 
We explicitly handle the case when the node to be deleted is the first node, we copy the data of the next node to head and delete the next node. The cases when a deleted node is not the head node can be handled normally by finding the previous node and changing next of the previous node. The following are the implementation. 
 

Python 3




# Node class
class Node:
  
    def __init__(self, data):
        self.data = data
        self.next = None
  
# LinkedList class
class LinkedList:
  
    def __init__(self):
        self.head = None
  
    def deleteNode(self, data):
        temp = self.head
        prev = self.head
        if temp.data == data:
            if temp.next is None:
                print("Can't delete the node as it has only one node")
            else:
                temp.data = temp.next.data
                temp.next = temp.next.next
            return
        while temp.next is not None and temp.data != data:
            prev = temp
            temp = temp.next
        if temp.next is None and temp.data !=data:
            print("Can't delete the node as it doesn't exist")
         # If node is last node of the linked list
        elif temp.next is None and temp.data == data:
            prev.next = None
        else:
            prev.next = temp.next
               
          
    # To push a new element in the Linked List     
    def push(self, new_data):
        new_node = Node(new_data)
        new_node.next = self.head
        self.head = new_node
  
    # To print all the elements of the Linked List
    def PrintList(self):
  
        temp = self.head
        while(temp):
            print(temp.data, end = " ")
            temp = temp.next
  
# Driver Code
llist = LinkedList()
llist.push(3)
llist.push(2)
llist.push(6)
llist.push(5)
llist.push(11)
llist.push(10)
llist.push(15)
llist.push(12)
  
print("Given Linked List: ", end = ' ')
llist.PrintList()
print("
  
Deleting node 10:")
llist.deleteNode(10)
print("Modified Linked List: ", end = ' ')
llist.PrintList()
print("
  
Deleting first node")
llist.deleteNode(12)
print("Modified Linked List: ", end = ' ')
llist.PrintList()
  
# This code is contributed by Akarsh Somani

Output: 
 

Given Linked List: 12 15 10 11 5 6 2 3

Deleting node 10:
Modified Linked List: 12 15 11 5 6 2 3

Deleting first node
Modified Linked List: 15 11 5 6 2 3

Please refer complete article on Delete a given node in Linked List under given constraints for more details!


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