Python List Slicing
In Python, list slicing is a common practice and it is the most used technique for programmers to solve efficient problems. Consider a python list, In-order to access a range of elements in a list, you need to slice a list. One way to do this is to use the simple slicing operator i.e. colon(:)
With this operator, one can specify where to start the slicing, where to end, and specify the step. List slicing returns a new list from the existing list.
Lst[ Initial : End : IndexJump ]
If Lst is a list, then the above expression returns the portion of the list from index Initial to index End, at a step size IndexJump.
1. Positive Indexes
Below is a simple program, to display a whole list using slicing.
[50, 70, 30, 20, 90, 10, 50]
The above diagram illustrates a list Lst with its index values and elements.
2. Negative Indexes
Now, let us look at the below diagram which illustrates a list along with its negative indexes.
Index -1 represents the last element and -n represents the first element of the list(considering n as the length of the list). Lists can also be manipulated using negative indexes also.
[50, 70, 30, 20, 90, 10, 50]
The above program displays the whole list using the negative index in list slicing.
As mentioned earlier list slicing is a common practice in Python and can be used both with positive indexes as well as negative indexes. The below diagram illustrates the technique of list slicing:
The below program transforms the above illustration into python code:
[70, 30, 20, 90]
Below are some examples which depict the use of list slicing in Python:
Original List: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9] Sliced Lists: [4, 6, 8] [1, 3, 5, 7, 9] [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
Leaving any argument like Initial, End or IndexJump blank will lead to the use of default values i.e 0 as Initial, length of list as End and 1 as IndexJump.
Original List: ['Geeks', 4, 'geeks !'] Sliced Lists: ['geeks !', 4, 'Geeks'] ['geeks !'] ['geeks !']
A reversed list can be generated by using a negative integer as the IndexJump argument. Leaving the Initial and End as blank. We need to choose the Initial and End value according to a reversed list if the IndexJump value is negative.
Original List: [-999, 'G4G', 1706256, '^_^', 3.1496] Sliced Lists:    
If some slicing expressions are made that do not make sense or are incomputable then empty lists are generated.
Original List: [-999, 'G4G', 1706256, 3.1496, '^_^'] Sliced Lists: [-999, 'G4G', 'Geeks', 'for', 'Geeks', '!', '^_^'] ['^_^']
List slicing can be used to modify lists or even delete elements from a list.
Original List: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9] Sliced Lists: [1, 2, 3, 8, 9] [1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 2, 4, 6, 8]
By concatenating sliced lists, a new list can be created or even a pre-existing list can be modified.
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