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Python | Difference between two lists

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 30 Jun, 2021

There are various ways in which the difference between two lists can be generated. In this article, we will see the two most important ways in which this can be done. One by using the set() method, and another by not using it. 
 

Examples:  

Input :
list1 = [10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40]
list2 = [25, 40, 35] 
Output :
[10, 20, 30, 15]
Explanation:
resultant list = list1 - list2
          

 Note: When you have multiple same elements then this would not work. In that case, this code will simply remove the same elements.
In that case, you can maintain a count of each element in both lists.

 

By the use of set(): 
 

In this method, we convert the lists into sets explicitly and then simply reduce one from the other using the subtract operator. For more reference on set visit Sets in Python
 



Example: 

Python3




# Python code t get difference of two lists
# Using set()
def Diff(li1, li2):
    return list(set(li1) - set(li2)) + list(set(li2) - set(li1))
 
# Driver Code
li1 = [10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40]
li2 = [25, 40, 35]
print(Diff(li1, li2))

Output : 
 

[10, 20, 30, 15]

 

Without using the set(): 
 

In this method, we use the basic combination technique to copy elements from both the list with a regular check if one is present in the other or not. 
 

Example:

Python3




# Python code t get difference of two lists
# Not using set()
def Diff(li1, li2):
    li_dif = [i for i in li1 + li2 if i not in li1 or i not in li2]
    return li_dif
 
# Driver Code
li1 = [10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40]
li2 = [25, 40, 35]
li3 = Diff(li1, li2)
print(li3)

Output : 

[10, 20, 30, 15]

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