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Python | Group List on K character

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  • Last Updated : 30 Jun, 2020
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Sometimes, we may face an issue in which we require to split a list to list of list on the K character sent as deliminator. This kind of problem can be used to send messages or can be used in cases where it is desired to have list of list of native list. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this can be done.

Method #1 : Using index() and list slicing
The list slicing can be used to get the sublists from the native list and index function can be used to check for the K character which can potentially act as a separator. The drawback of this is that it only works for a single split i.e can only divide a list to 2 sublist.




# Python3 code to demonstrate
# Group List on K character
# using index() + list slicing 
  
# initializing list 
test_list = ['Geeks', 'for', 'M', 'Geeks', 1, 2]
  
# printing original list
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
  
# initializing K 
K = 'M'
  
# using index() + list slicing
# Group List on K character
temp_idx = test_list.index(K)
res = [test_list[: temp_idx], test_list[temp_idx + 1: ]]
  
# print result
print("The list of sublist after separation : " + str(res))

Output :

The original list : ['Geeks', 'for', 'M', 'Geeks', 1, 2]
The list of sublist after separation : [['Geeks', 'for'], ['Geeks', 1, 2]]

 

Method #2 : Using loops
The problem of the above proposed method can be solved using general loops and using brute force, in this we just look for K character and make a new list after that.




# Python3 code to demonstrate
# Group List on K character
# using loop
  
# initializing list 
test_list =  ['Geeks', 'M', 'for', 'M', 4, 5, 'M', 'Geeks', 'CS', 'M', 'Portal']
  
# printing original list
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
  
# initializing K 
K = 'M'
  
# using loop
# Group List on K character
temp = []
res = []
for ele in test_list:
    if ele == K:
        res.append(temp)
        temp = []
    else:
        temp.append(ele)
res.append(temp)
  
# print result
print("The list of sublist after separation : " + str(res))

Output :

The original list : ['Geeks', 'for', 'M', 'Geeks', 1, 2]
The list of sublist after separation : [['Geeks', 'for'], ['Geeks', 1, 2]]

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