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Python | Find all triplets in a list with given sum
  • Last Updated : 30 Jul, 2019

Given a list of integers, write a Python program to find all triplets that sum up to given integer ‘k’.

Examples:

Input : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10], k = 10
Output : [(1, 5, 4), (1, 6, 3), (1, 7, 2), (2, 5, 3)]

Input : [12, 3, 6, 1, 6, 9], k = 24
Output : [(12, 6, 6), (12, 9, 3)]

Approach #1 : Naive (Using set)
In this approach, we use two for loops. The first loop sets first element, another to check whether other two elements including first sums up to k or not. This approach takes O(n2) time complexity.




# Python3 program to Find total number 
# of triplets in a temp_list with given k
  
def findTriplets(lst, k):
    triplet_count = 0
    final_temp_list =[]
      
    for i in range(0, len(lst)-1): 
          
        s = set() 
        temp_list = []
  
        # Adding first element
        temp_list.append(lst[i])
  
        curr_k = k - lst[i] 
          
        for j in range(i + 1, len(lst)): 
              
            if (curr_k - lst[j]) in s: 
                triplet_count += 1
                  
                # Adding second element
                temp_list.append(lst[j])
  
                # Adding third element
                temp_list.append(curr_k - lst[j])
                  
                # Appending tuple to the final list
                final_temp_list.append(tuple(temp_list))
                temp_list.pop(2)
                temp_list.pop(1)
            s.add(lst[j])
              
    return final_temp_list
      
# Driver Code
lst = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
k = 10
print(findTriplets(lst, k))
Output:
[(1, 5, 4), (1, 6, 3), (1, 7, 2), (2, 5, 3)]

 
Approach #2 : Using itertools
Python itertools module provide combination(iterable, r) function. This tool returns the r length subsequences of elements from the input iterable. Every time we make a combination of 3 elements and check if they sums up to k or not.






# Python3 program to Find total number 
# of  triplets in a list with given sum
from itertools import combinations
  
def findTriplets(lst, key):
      
    def valid(val):
        return sum(val) == key
          
    return list(filter(valid, list(combinations(lst, 3))))
  
# Driver Code
lst = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
print(findTriplets(lst, 10))
Output:
[(1, 2, 7), (1, 3, 6), (1, 4, 5), (2, 3, 5)]

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