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Python | Ways to sum list of lists and return sum list

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 29 Jul, 2019

The list is an important container and used almost in every code of day-day programming as well as web-development, more it is used, more is the requirement to master it and hence knowledge of its operations is necessary. Given a list of lists, the program to suppose to return the sum as the final list.

Let’s see some of the methods to sum a list of list and return list.

Method # 1: Using Naive method




# Python code to demonstrate
# sum of list of list
# using naive method
  
# Declaring initial list of list
L = [[1, 2, 3],
     [4, 5, 6],
     [7, 8, 9]]
          
# Printing list of list
print("Initial List - ", str(L))
  
# Using naive method
res = list()
for j in range(0, len(L[0])):
    tmp = 0
    for i in range(0, len(L)):
        tmp = tmp + L[i][j]
    res.append(tmp)
      
# printing result
print("final list - ", str(res))

Output:

Initial List -  [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9]]
final list -  [12, 15, 18]

 
Method #2: Using numpy array
A numpy is a general-purpose array-processing package. It provides a high-performance multidimensional array object, and tools for working with these arrays.




# Python code to demonstrate
# sum of list of list
# using numpy array functions
import numpy as np
  
# Declaring initial list of list
List = np.array([[1, 2, 3],
                 [4, 5, 6],
                 [7, 8, 9]])
          
# Printing list of list
print("Initial List - ", str(List))
  
# Using numpy sum
res = np.sum(List, 0)
      
# printing result
print("final list - ", str(res))

Output:

Initial List -  [[1 2 3]
                 [4 5 6]
                 [7 8 9]]
final list -  [12 15 18]

 
Method #3: Using zip() and list comprehension




# Python code to demonstrate
# sum of list of list using 
# zip and list comprehension
  
# Declaring initial list of list
List = [[1, 2, 3],
        [4, 5, 6],
        [7, 8, 9]]
          
# Printing list of list
print("Initial List - ", str(List))
  
# Using list comprehension
res = [sum(i) for i in zip(*List)]
      
# printing result
print("final list - ", str(res))

Output:

Initial List -  [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9]]
final list -  [12, 15, 18]

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