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Python | Union of two or more Lists

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 12 Aug, 2022
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Union of a list means, we must take all the elements from list A and list B (there can be more than two lists) and put them inside a single new list. There are various orders in which we can combine the lists. For e.g., we can maintain the repetition and order or remove the repeated elements in the final list and so on. 

Examples:

Maintained repetition only
Input : 
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
Output :
[23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20, 52, 2, 48, 
15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]

Maintained repetition and order
Input : 
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
Output :
[2, 2, 12, 14, 14, 15, 15, 16, 20, 23, 
26, 32, 47, 48, 52, 54]

Without repetition
Input : 
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
Output :
[32, 2, 12, 14, 15, 16, 48, 47, 20, 52, 54, 23, 26]

Union of three lists
Input : 
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
lst3 = [4, 78, 5, 6, 9, 25, 64, 32, 59]
Output :
[32, 64, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 
48, 47, 78, 20, 52, 54, 23, 25, 26, 59]

Maintaining Repetition

We can simply use the plus “+” operator inorder to combine two list into one. This will reflect the repetition. 

Python3




# Python program to illustrate union
# Maintained repetition
def Union(lst1, lst2):
    final_list = lst1 + lst2
    return final_list
 
# Driver Code
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
print(Union(lst1, lst2))

Output:

[23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20, 52, 2, 48, 15, 
12, 26, 32, 47, 54]

Maintaining both Repetition and Order

To maintain the order of appearance in the new list we need to use the sorted() function, passing the addition of two lists(plus operated, as in the previous problem) as parameters. 

Python3




# Python program to illustrate union
# Maintained repetition and order
def Union(lst1, lst2):
    final_list = sorted(lst1 + lst2)
    return final_list
 
# Driver Code
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
print(Union(lst1, lst2))

Output:

[2, 2, 12, 14, 14, 15, 15, 16, 20, 23, 26, 32, 47, 48, 52, 54]

Without Repetition

To get rid of all the repetitive elements from the initial list, we use the set() function on both the lists, individually. Then we add them using the “+” operator and pass as a new list. 

Python3




# Python program to illustrate union
# Without repetition
def Union(lst1, lst2):
    final_list = list(set(lst1) | set(lst2))
    return final_list
 
# Driver Code
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
print(Union(lst1, lst2))

Output:

[32, 2, 12, 14, 15, 16, 48, 47, 20, 
52, 54, 23, 26]

More than two lists

We can also make an union of more than two lists. This can be done efficiently by using both the set() and union() function, simultaneously, as shown in the below example. This also takes care of the repetition and prevents them. 

Python3




# Python program to illustrate union
# Union of three lists
def Union(lst1, lst2, lst3):
    final_list = list(set().union(lst1, lst2, lst3))
    return final_list
 
# Driver Code
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
lst3 = [4, 78, 5, 6, 9, 25, 64, 32, 59]
print(Union(lst1, lst2, lst3))

Output:

[32, 64, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 
48, 47, 78, 20, 52, 54, 23, 25, 26, 59]

 Approach : Using extend() method

Python3




# Python program to illustrate union
 
lst1 = [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20 ,52]
lst2 = [2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
lst1.extend(lst2)
#Maintaining repetition
print("Maintaining repetition "+str(lst1))
#Not maintaining repetition and order
x=list(set(lst1))
print("Not maintaining repetition "+str(x))

Output

Maintaining repetition [23, 15, 2, 14, 14, 16, 20, 52, 2, 48, 15, 12, 26, 32, 47, 54]
Not maintaining repetition [32, 2, 12, 14, 15, 16, 48, 47, 20, 52, 54, 23, 26]

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