We have discussed Prim’s algorithm and its implementation for adjacency matrix representation of graphs.
As discussed in the previous post, in Prim’s algorithm, two sets are maintained, one set contains list of vertices already included in MST, other set contains vertices not yet included. In every iteration, we consider the minimum weight edge among the edges that connect the two sets.
The implementation discussed in previous post uses two arrays to find minimum weight edge that connects the two sets. Here we use one inMST[V]. The value of MST[i] is going to be true if vertex i is included in the MST. In every pass, we consider only those edges such that one vertex of the edge is included in MST and other is not. After we pick an edge, we mark both vertices as included in MST.
Edge 0:(0, 1) cost: 2 Edge 1:(1, 2) cost: 3 Edge 2:(1, 4) cost: 5 Edge 3:(0, 3) cost: 6 Minimum cost= 16
Time Complexity : O(V3)
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