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Please explain me the Right Hand Thumb Rule.

Last Updated : 17 Jan, 2024
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Right Hand Thumb Rule is a visualization technique where, when your right thumb points in the direction of a current, your curled fingers show the direction of the associated magnetic field. It is an essential tool for understanding the behavior of magnetic fields, current-carrying conductors, and the interaction between electric current and magnetic fields, as described by Ampere’s law and the Biot-Savart law.

Here’s how the right-hand thumb rule works:

  1. Thumb: Extend your right hand’s thumb in the direction of the current, typically the flow of positive charge or the conventional current direction (from positive to negative).
  2. Fingers: Curl your right-hand fingers around the conductor or the direction of the magnetic field. The direction in which your fingers curl indicates the direction of the magnetic field lines.
  3. Palm: The direction your palm faces represents the direction of the magnetic force or the circular magnetic field around the conductor.

The right-hand thumb rule helps you visualize and determine the relationship between current, magnetic fields, and the resulting forces in various situations, making it a valuable tool for understanding electromagnetism and its applications in physics and engineering.

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