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PHP echo and print

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In this article, we will see what is echo & print statements in PHP, along with understanding their basic implementation through the examples. The echo is used to display the output of parameters that are passed to it. It displays the outputs of one or more strings separated by commas. The print accepts one argument at a time & cannot be used as a variable function in PHP. The print outputs only the strings.

Note: Both are language constructs in PHP programs that are more or less the same as both are used to output data on the browser screen. The print statement is an alternative to echo.

PHP echo statement: It is a language construct and never behaves like a function, hence no parenthesis is required. But the developer can use parenthesis if they want. The end of the echo statement is identified by the semi-colon (‘;’).  It output one or more strings. We can use ‘echo‘ to output strings, numbers, variables, values, and results of expressions. Below is some usage of echo statements in PHP: 

Displaying Strings: We can simply use the keyword echo followed by the string to be displayed within quotes. The below example shows how to display strings with PHP.

PHP

<?php
    echo "Multiple ","argument ","string!";
?>

                    

Output:

Hello,This is a display string example!

Displaying Strings as multiple arguments: We can pass multiple string arguments to the echo statement instead of a single string argument, separating them by comma (‘,’) operator. For example, if we have two strings i.e “Hello” and “World” then we can pass them as (“Hello”, “World”).

PHP

<?php
  // Defining the variables
  $text = "Hello, World!";
  $num1 = 10;
  $num2 = 20;
 
  // Echoing the variables
  echo $text."\n";
  echo $num1."+".$num2."=";
  echo $num1 + $num2;
?>

                    

Output: 

Multiple argument string!

Displaying Variables: Displaying variables with echo statements is also as easy as displaying normal strings. The below example shows different ways to display variables with the help of a PHP echo statement.

PHP

<?php
    print "Hello, world!";
?>

                    

Output: 

Hello, World!
10+20=30

The (.) operator in the above code can be used to concatenate two strings in PHP and the “\n” is used for a new line and is also known as line-break. We will learn about these in further articles. 

PHP print statement: The PHP print statement is similar to the echo statement and can be used alternative to echo many times. It is also a language construct, so we may not use parenthesis i.e print or print()

The main difference between the print and echo statement is that echo does not behave like a function whereas print behaves like a function. The print statement can have only one argument at a time and thus can print a single string. Also, the print statement always returns a value of 1. Like an echo, the print statement can also be used to print strings and variables. Below are some examples of using print statements in PHP: 

Displaying String of Text: We can display strings with the print statement in the same way we did with echo statements. The only difference is we cannot display multiple strings separated by comma(,) with a single print statement. The below example shows how to display strings with the help of a PHP print statement.

PHP

<?php
   
  // Defining the variables
  $text = "Hello, World!";
  $num1 = 10;
  $num2 = 20;
 
  // Echoing the variables
  print $text."\n";
  print $num1."+".$num2."=";
  print $num1 + $num2;
?>

                    

Output: 

Hello, world!

Displaying Variables: Displaying variables with print statements is also the same as that of echo statements. The example below shows how to display variables with the help of a PHP print statement.

PHP


                    

Output: 

Hello, World!
10+20=30

Difference between echo and print statements in PHP:

S.No.

echo statement

print statement

1.

echo accepts a list of arguments (multiple arguments can be passed), separated by commas.

print accepts only one argument at a time.

2.

It returns no value or returns void. 

It returns the value 1.

3.

 It displays the outputs of one or more strings separated by commas.

The print outputs only the strings.

4. 

It is comparatively faster than the print statement.

It is slower than an echo statement.

References:


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Last Updated : 20 Jan, 2023
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