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p5.js Element id() Method

  • Last Updated : 18 Nov, 2020

The id() method of p5.Element in p5.js is used to set or return the ID of an element. When no ID is specified as a parameter, it returns the current ID of the element. Only one element on the page can have a particular ID specified to it.

Syntax:

id( id )

Parameters: This function accepts a single parameter as mentioned above and described below.

  • id: It is a string that denotes the ID of the element.

Example 1: The example below illustrates the id() method in p5.js.

Javascript






function setup() {
  createCanvas(550, 300);
  textSize(18);
  
  text("Click on the button to create a new " +
       "element with the given ID", 20, 20);
  
  setBtn = 
    createButton("Create new Element with ID");
  setBtn.position(30, 40);
  setBtn.mouseClicked(createNewElement);
  
  setBtn = 
    createButton("Show Last Element ID");
  setBtn.position(300, 40);
  setBtn.mouseClicked(showID);
  
  id_name = createInput('tmpID');
  id_name.position(30, 80);
}
  
function createNewElement() {
  clear();
  
  // Create a new p5.Element
  tmpElement = createElement("p");
  
  // Get the ID to set
  let idToSet = id_name.value();
  
  // Set the ID of the element
  tmpElement.id(idToSet);
  
  text("New element created with ID: " +
       idToSet, 30, 120);
  
  text("Click on the button to create a new " +
       "element with the given ID", 20, 20);
}
  
function showID() {
  clear();
  
  // Get the ID of the element
  let setID = tmpElement.id();
  
  // Display the ID
  text("The ID of the last element is: "
       setID, 30, 120);
  
  text("Click on the button to create a new " +
       "element with the given ID", 20, 20);
}

Output:

Example 2:

Javascript




function setup() {
  
  // Create a new canvas
  canv = createCanvas(550, 300);
  
  // Set the ID of the canvas
  canv.id("newCanvas");
  
  textSize(18);
  text("Click on the button to show the ID " +
       "of the canvas element", 20, 20);
  
  setBtn = 
    createButton("Show ID of the canvas");
  setBtn.position(30, 40);
  setBtn.mouseClicked(showID);
}
  
function showID() {
  clear();
  
  // Get the ID of the element
  let setID = canv.id();
  
  // Display the ID
  text("The ID of the canvas is: " +
       setID, 20, 80);
  
  text("Click on the button to show the ID " +
       "of the canvas element", 20, 20);
}

Output:

Online editor: https://editor.p5js.org/
Environment Setup: https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/p5-js-soundfile-object-installation-and-methods/
Reference: https://p5js.org/reference/#/p5.Element/id




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