Difficulty Level: Rookie
Predict the output of below C++ programs.
The class Test has one user defined constructor “Test(int v)” that expects one argument. It doesn’t have a constructor without any argument as the compiler doesn’t create the default constructor if user defines a constructor (See this). Following modified program works without any error.
The program works fine because ‘a’ is static. Since ‘a’ is static, memory location of it remains valid even after fun() returns. So a reference to static variable can be returned.
Note that the line “Test t1();” is not a constructor call. Compiler considers this line as declaration of function t1 that doesn’t recieve any parameter and returns object of type Test.
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