Conll2000 corpus defines the chunks using IOB tags.
- It specifies where the chunk begins and end, along with its types.
- A part-of-speech tagger can be trained on these IOB tags to further power a ChunkerI subclass.
- First using
chunked_sents()method os corpus, tree is obtained and is then transformed to a format usable by a part-of-speech tagger.
tree2conlltags()to convert a sentence Tree into a list of three tuples of the form (word, pos, iob).
- pos : part-of-speech tag
- iob : IOB tag for example – B_NP, I_NP to tell that work is in the beginning and inside the noun phrase respectively.
conlltags2tree()is reversal of
- 3-tuples are then converted into 2-tuples that the tagger can recognize.
- RegexpParser class uses part-of-speech tags for chunk patterns, so part-of-speech tags are used as if they were words to tag.
conll_tag_chunks()function takes 3-tuples (word, pos, iob) and returns a list of 2-tuples of the form (pos, iob)
Code #1 : Let’s understand
Tree2conlltags : [('the', 'DT', 'B-NP'), ('book', 'NN', 'I-NP')] conlltags2tree : Tree('S', [Tree('NP', [('the', 'DT'), ('book', 'NN')])]) conll_tag_chunnks for tree : [[('DT', 'B-NP'), ('NN', 'I-NP')]]
Code #2 : TagChunker class using the conll2000 corpus
Accuracy of TagChunker : 0.8950545623403762 Precision of TagChunker : 0.8114841974355675 Recall of TagChunker : 0.8644191676944863
Note : The performance of conll2000 is not too good as treebank_chunk but conll2000 is a much larger corpus.
Code #3 : TagChunker using UnigramTagger Class
Accuracy of TagChunker : 0.9674925924335466
tagger_classes argument is passed directly to the backoff_tagger() function, so that means they must be subclasses of SequentialBackoffTagger. In testing, the default of tagger_classes = [UnigramTagger, BigramTagger] generally produces the best results, but it can vary with different corpuses.
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Improved By : Akanksha_Rai