Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

M-th smallest number having k number of set bits.

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 05 Jul, 2022
View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article

Given two non-negative integers m and k. The problem is to find the m-th smallest number having k number of set bits.
Constraints: 1 <= m, k.
Examples: 
 

Input : m = 4, k = 2
Output : 9
(9)10 = (1001)2, it is the 4th smallest
number having 2 set bits.


Input : m = 6, k = 4
Output : 39

 

Approach: Following are the steps:
 

  1. Find the smallest number having k number of set bits. Let it be num, where num = (1 << k) – 1.
  2. Loop for m-1 times and each time replace num with the next higher number than ‘num’ having same number of bits as in ‘num’. Refer this post to find the required next higher number.
  3. Finally return num.

 

C++




// C++ implementation to find the mth smallest
// number having k number of set bits
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
typedef unsigned int uint_t;
 
// function to find the next higher number
// with same number of set bits as in 'x'
uint_t nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(uint_t x)
{
    uint_t rightOne;
    uint_t nextHigherOneBit;
    uint_t rightOnesPattern;
 
    uint_t next = 0;
 
    /* the approach is same as discussed in
    */
    if (x) {
        rightOne = x & -(signed)x;
 
        nextHigherOneBit = x + rightOne;
 
        rightOnesPattern = x ^ nextHigherOneBit;
 
        rightOnesPattern = (rightOnesPattern) / rightOne;
 
        rightOnesPattern >>= 2;
 
        next = nextHigherOneBit | rightOnesPattern;
    }
 
    return next;
}
 
// function to find the mth smallest number
// having k number of set bits
int mthSmallestWithKSetBits(uint_t m, uint_t k)
{
    // smallest number having 'k'
    // number of set bits
    uint_t num = (1 << k) - 1;
 
    // finding the mth smallest number
    // having k set bits
    for (int i = 1; i < m; i++)
        num = nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(num);
 
    // required number
    return num;
}
 
// Driver program to test above
int main()
{
    uint_t m = 6, k = 4;
    cout << mthSmallestWithKSetBits(m, k);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Hava implementation to find the mth
// smallest number having k number of set bits
 
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
 
  // function to find the next higher number
  // with same number of set bits as in 'x'
  static int nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(int x)
  {
    int rightOne = 0;
    int nextHigherOneBit = 0;
    int rightOnesPattern = 0;
 
    int next = 0;
 
    if (x > 0) {
      rightOne = x & (-x);
      nextHigherOneBit = x + rightOne;
 
      rightOnesPattern = x ^ nextHigherOneBit;
 
      rightOnesPattern
        = (rightOnesPattern / rightOne);
 
      rightOnesPattern >>= 2;
 
      next = nextHigherOneBit | rightOnesPattern;
    }
 
    return next;
  }
 
  // function to find the mth smallest
  // number having k number of set bits
  static int mthSmallestWithKSetBits(int m, int k)
  {
    // smallest number having 'k'
    // number of set bits
    int num = (1 << k) - 1;
 
    // finding the mth smallest number
    // having k set bits
    for (int i = 1; i < m; i++)
      num = nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(num);
 
    // required number
    return num;
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
 
    int m = 6;
    int k = 4;
 
    // Function call
    System.out.println(mthSmallestWithKSetBits(m, k));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by phasing17

Python3




# Python3 implementation to find the mth
# smallest number having k number of set bits
 
# function to find the next higher number
# with same number of set bits as in 'x'
 
 
def nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(x):
    rightOne = 0
    nextHigherOneBit = 0
    rightOnesPattern = 0
 
    next = 0
 
    """ the approach is same as discussed in
    http:#www.geeksforgeeks.org/next-higher-number-with-same-number-of-set-bits/
    """
    if (x):
        rightOne = x & (-x)
        nextHigherOneBit = x + rightOne
 
        rightOnesPattern = x ^ nextHigherOneBit
 
        rightOnesPattern = (rightOnesPattern) // rightOne
 
        rightOnesPattern >>= 2
 
        next = nextHigherOneBit | rightOnesPattern
 
    return next
 
# function to find the mth smallest
# number having k number of set bits
 
 
def mthSmallestWithKSetBits(m, k):
 
    # smallest number having 'k'
    # number of set bits
    num = (1 << k) - 1
 
    # finding the mth smallest number
    # having k set bits
    for i in range(1, m):
        num = nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(num)
 
    # required number
    return num
 
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    m = 6
    k = 4
    print(mthSmallestWithKSetBits(m, k))
 
# This code is contributed by
# Shubham Singh(SHUBHAMSINGH10)

C#




// C# implementation to find the mth
// smallest number having k number of set bits
using System;
 
class GFG {
    // function to find the next higher number
    // with same number of set bits as in 'x'
    static int nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(int x)
    {
        int rightOne = 0;
        int nextHigherOneBit = 0;
        int rightOnesPattern = 0;
 
        int next = 0;
 
        if (x > 0) {
            rightOne = x & (-x);
            nextHigherOneBit = x + rightOne;
 
            rightOnesPattern = x ^ nextHigherOneBit;
 
            rightOnesPattern
                = (rightOnesPattern / rightOne);
 
            rightOnesPattern >>= 2;
 
            next = nextHigherOneBit | rightOnesPattern;
        }
 
        return next;
    }
 
    // function to find the mth smallest
    // number having k number of set bits
    static int mthSmallestWithKSetBits(int m, int k)
    {
        // smallest number having 'k'
        // number of set bits
        int num = (1 << k) - 1;
 
        // finding the mth smallest number
        // having k set bits
        for (int i = 1; i < m; i++)
            num = nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(num);
 
        // required number
        return num;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
 
        int m = 6;
        int k = 4;
 
        // Function call
        Console.Write(mthSmallestWithKSetBits(m, k));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by phasing17

Javascript




//JS implementation to find the mth
// smallest number having k number of set bits
 
// function to find the next higher number
// with same number of set bits as in 'x'
function nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(x)
{
    var rightOne = 0;
    var nextHigherOneBit = 0;
    var rightOnesPattern = 0;
 
    var next = 0;
 
    if (x > 0)
    {
        rightOne = x & (-x);
        nextHigherOneBit = x + rightOne;
 
        rightOnesPattern = x ^ nextHigherOneBit;
 
        rightOnesPattern = Math.floor((rightOnesPattern) / rightOne);
 
        rightOnesPattern >>= 2;
 
        next = nextHigherOneBit | rightOnesPattern;
    }
 
    return next;
}
 
// function to find the mth smallest
// number having k number of set bits
function mthSmallestWithKSetBits(m, k)
{
    // smallest number having 'k'
    // number of set bits
    var num = (1 << k) - 1;
 
    // finding the mth smallest number
    // having k set bits
    for (var i = 1; i < m; i++)
        num = nxtHighWithNumOfSetBits(num);
 
    // required number
    return num;
}
 
// Driver Code
var m = 6;
var k = 4;
 
//Function call
console.log(mthSmallestWithKSetBits(m, k));
 
// This code is contributed by phasing17

Output: 
 

39

Time Complexity: O(m)

Space Complexity: O(1)
This article is contributed by Ayush Jauhari. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!