# Lex program for Decimal to Hexadecimal Conversion

Problem: Write a Lex program for Decimal to Hexadecimal conversion.

Explanation:
Lex reads an input stream specifying the lexical analyzer and outputs source code implementing the lexer in the C programming language. The function yylex() is the main flex function which runs the Rule Section.

Prerequisite: Flex (Fast lexical Analyzer Generator)

Examples:

```Input: 12
Output: C

Input: 116
Output: 74

Input: 55
Output: 37

Input: 212
Output: D4 ```

Implementation:

 `/* Lex program for decimal to hexadecimal conversion */` ` `  `%{ ` `    ``/* Definition section */` `    ``#include ` `    ``int` `num, r, digit=0, count, pcount=0, i; ` `    ``char` `a; ` `%} ` ` `  `DIGIT [0-9] ` `/* Rule Section */` `%% ` ` `  `{DIGIT}+ { num=``atoi``(yytext); ` ` `  `        ``while``(num!=0) ` `        ``{ ` ` `  `            ``r=num%16; ` `            ``digit=``'0'``+r; ` `            ``if``(digit>``'9'``) ` `            ``digit+=7; ` `            ``a[count++]=digit; ` `            ``num=num/16; ` ` `  `        ``} ` ` `  `        ``for``(i=count-1;i>=pcount;--i) ` `                ``printf``(``"%c"``, a[i]); ` `                ``pcount=count; ` `        ``} ` ` `  `.|\n    ECHO; ` `        `  `%% ` ` `  `// driver code ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``yylex(); ` `    ``return` `0; ` `}       `

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