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Length of longest increasing absolute even subsequence

  • Last Updated : 26 Jul, 2021

Given an array arr[] consisting of N integers, the task is to find the length of the longest increasing absolute even subsequence.

An increasing absolute even subsequence is an increasing subsequence of array elements having absolute difference between adjacent pairs as even.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {10, 22, 9, 33, 21, 50, 41, 60} 
Output: 4
Explanation: The longest increasing absolute even subsequence is {10, 22, 50, 60}. Therefore, the required length is 4.

Input: arr[] = {11, -22, 43, -54, 66, 5} 
Output: 3
Explanation:
The longest increasing absolute even subsequence is 3 i.e. {-22, -54, 66}. Therefore, the required length is 4.

Naive Approach: The simplest approach is to generate all possible subsequence of the given array and for each subsequence, check if the subsequence is increasing and the absolute difference between adjacent elements is even or not. Print the length of the longest such subsequence. 

Time Complexity: O(2N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Efficient Approach: To optimize the above approach, the idea is similar to finding the longest increasing subsequence. But the only condition to be changed is to check if the absolute difference between two adjacent elements of the subsequence is even or not. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  1. Initialize an auxiliary array dp[] where all are initially 1.
  2. Traverse the given array arr[] using the variable i over the range [0, N), and for each index do the following:
    • Iterate using variable j over the range [0, i) and check for the following three conditions:
      1. If absolute value of arr[i] > arr[j].
      2. If arr[i] and arr[j] both are even or not.
      3. If dp[i] < dp[j] + 1.
    • If the above three conditions are satisfied for any index j, then update dp[i] = dp[j] + 1.
  3. Print the maximum element of the array dp[] as the required result.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++14




// C++14 program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the longest
// increasing absolute even subsequence
void EvenLIS(int arr[], int n)
{
     
    // Stores length of
    // required subsequence
    int lis[n];
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        lis[i] = 1;
      
    // Traverse the array
    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
         
        // Traverse prefix of current
        // array element
        for(int j = 0; j < i; j++)
        {
             
            // Check if the subsequence is
            // LIS and have even absolute
            // difference of adjacent pairs
            if (abs(arr[i]) > abs(arr[j]) &&
                abs(arr[i]) % 2 == 0 &&
                abs(arr[j]) % 2 == 0 &&
                    lis[i] < lis[j] + 1)
  
                // Update lis[]
                lis[i] = lis[j] + 1;
        }
    }
      
    // Stores maximum length
    int maxlen = 0;
      
    // Find the length of longest
    // absolute even subsequence
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        maxlen = max(maxlen, lis[i]);
  
    // Return the maximum length of
    // absolute even subsequence
    cout << maxlen << endl;
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
     
    // Given array arr[] and brr[]
    int arr[] = { 11, -22, 43, -54, 66, 5 };
  
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
      
    // Function call
    EvenLIS(arr, N);
}
 
// This code is contributed by code_hunt

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG{
     
// Function to find the longest
// increasing absolute even subsequence
static void EvenLIS(int arr[])
{
     
    // Length of arr
    int n = arr.length;
     
    // Stores length of
    // required subsequence
    int lis[] = new int[n];
    Arrays.fill(lis, 1);
     
    // Traverse the array
    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
     
        // Traverse prefix of current
        // array element
        for(int j = 0; j < i; j++)
        {
 
            // Check if the subsequence is
            // LIS and have even absolute
            // difference of adjacent pairs
            if (Math.abs(arr[i]) > Math.abs(arr[j]) &&
                Math.abs(arr[i]) % 2 == 0 &&
                Math.abs(arr[j]) % 2 == 0 &&
                          lis[i] < lis[j] + 1)
 
                // Update lis[]
                lis[i] = lis[j] + 1;
        }
    }
     
    // Stores maximum length
    int maxlen = 0;
     
    // Find the length of longest
    // absolute even subsequence
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        maxlen = Math.max(maxlen, lis[i]);
 
    // Return the maximum length of
    // absolute even subsequence
    System.out.println(maxlen);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String args[])
{
     
    // Given array arr[] and brr[]
    int arr[] = { 11, -22, 43, -54, 66, 5 };
 
    int N = arr.length;
     
    // Function call
    EvenLIS(arr);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by bikram2001jha

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
 
# Function to find the longest
# increasing absolute even subsequence
def EvenLIS(arr):
 
    # Length of arr
    n = len(arr)
 
    # Stores length of
    # required subsequence
    lis = [1]*n
 
    # Traverse the array
    for i in range(1, n):
     
        # Traverse prefix of current
        # array element
        for j in range(0, i):
 
            # Check if the subsequence is
            # LIS and have even absolute
            # difference of adjacent pairs
 
            if abs(arr[i]) > abs(arr[j]) \
            and abs(arr[i] % 2) == 0 \
            and abs(arr[j] % 2) == 0 \
            and lis[i] < lis[j]+1:
 
                # Update lis[]
                lis[i] = lis[j]+1
 
    # Stores maximum length
    maxlen = 0
 
    # Find the length of longest
    # absolute even subsequence
    for i in range(n):
        maxlen = max(maxlen, lis[i])
 
    # Return the maximum length of
    # absolute even subsequence
    print(maxlen)
 
# Driver Code
 
# Given arr[]
arr = [11, -22, 43, -54, 66, 5]
 
# Function Call
EvenLIS(arr)

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
 
class GFG{
     
// Function to find the longest
// increasing absolute even subsequence
static void EvenLIS(int []arr)
{
     
    // Length of arr
    int n = arr.Length;
     
    // Stores length of
    // required subsequence
    int []lis = new int[n];
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        lis[i] = 1;
    
    // Traverse the array
    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
     
        // Traverse prefix of current
        // array element
        for(int j = 0; j < i; j++)
        {
 
            // Check if the subsequence is
            // LIS and have even absolute
            // difference of adjacent pairs
            if (Math.Abs(arr[i]) > Math.Abs(arr[j]) &&
                Math.Abs(arr[i]) % 2 == 0 &&
                Math.Abs(arr[j]) % 2 == 0 &&
                         lis[i] < lis[j] + 1)
 
                // Update lis[]
                lis[i] = lis[j] + 1;
        }
    }
     
    // Stores maximum length
    int maxlen = 0;
     
    // Find the length of longest
    // absolute even subsequence
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        maxlen = Math.Max(maxlen, lis[i]);
 
    // Return the maximum length of
    // absolute even subsequence
    Console.WriteLine(maxlen);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main(String []args)
{
    // Given array []arr and brr[]
    int []arr = { 11, -22, 43, -54, 66, 5 };
 
    int N = arr.Length;
     
    // Function call
    EvenLIS(arr);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to implement
// the above approach
 
// Function to find the longest
// increasing absolute even subsequence
function EvenLIS(arr)
{
      
    // Length of arr
    let n = arr.length;
      
    // Stores length of
    // required subsequence
    let lis = new Array(n).fill(1);
      
    // Traverse the array
    for(let i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
      
        // Traverse prefix of current
        // array element
        for(let j = 0; j < i; j++)
        {
  
            // Check if the subsequence is
            // LIS and have even absolute
            // difference of adjacent pairs
            if (Math.abs(arr[i]) > Math.abs(arr[j]) &&
                Math.abs(arr[i]) % 2 == 0 &&
                Math.abs(arr[j]) % 2 == 0 &&
                          lis[i] < lis[j] + 1)
  
                // Update lis[]
                lis[i] = lis[j] + 1;
        }
    }
      
    // Stores maximum length
    let maxlen = 0;
      
    // Find the length of longest
    // absolute even subsequence
    for(let i = 0; i < n; i++)
        maxlen = Math.max(maxlen, lis[i]);
  
    // Return the maximum length of
    // absolute even subsequence
    document.write(maxlen);
}
 
// Driver Code
 
    // Given array arr[] and brr[]
    let arrr = [ 11, -22, 43, -54, 66, 5 ];
  
    let N = arrr.length;
      
    // Function call
    EvenLIS(arrr);
     
</script>
Output: 
3

Time Complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)


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