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Java class dependency analyzer in Java 8 with Examples

  • Last Updated : 29 Jan, 2020

Java class dependency analyzer: jdeps is a new command-line tool introduced in JDK 8 to understand the static dependencies and libraries of application i.e. jdeps command shows the package-level or class-level dependencies of Java class files. The input for jdeps can be a .class file pathname, a JAR file or it can be a fully qualified class name to analyze all class files. Whenever we provide any input to jdeps command line tool then it generates the dependencies to the system console. jdeps introduced with various options which affect the output. As per option, jdeps command-line tool generates the output.


// Simple Java program to see the jdeps
// generated output with various options
import java.util.List;
import java.util.ArrayList;
class Geeks {
    public static void main(String args[])
        List<String> list1 = new ArrayList<>();
        List<String> list2 = new ArrayList<>();
        List<String> list3 = new ArrayList<>();

Note: We have to compile above file and compiler will generate Geeks.class file and We have to use this file as an input for jdeps. Here I am running with Java 9 and we will see the output of jdeps with different options for this Geeks.class file as per Java 9.


jdeps Geeks.class

Various options available for jdeps:

  • -dotoutput directoryPath: If we will use this option, then jdeps will generate one dot file into the directory per each analyzed archive named .dot listing the dependencies. It will also generate a summary file named specifying the dependencies among the archives.


    jdeps -dotoutput C:\Users\DubeyBis\Desktop\jdeps Geeks.class

    It will generate two files inside C:\Users\DubeyBis\Desktop\jdeps folder with the name and and the content of these files are below:

    digraph "Geeks.class" {
        // Path: Geeks.class
       ""                  -> " (java.base)";
       ""                  -> "java.lang (java.base)";
       ""                  -> "java.lang.invoke (java.base)";
       ""                  -> "java.util (java.base)";

    digraph "summary" {
      "Geeks.class"        -> "rt.jar";
  • -summary: It will print only the summary. Instead of -summary, we can use -s also.


    jdeps -summary Geeks.class

  • -verbose: It will print all class-level dependencies. Instead of -verbose, we can use -v also.


    jdeps -verbose Geeks.class

  • -verbose:package: Prints package-level dependencies excluding dependencies within the same archive.
  • -verbose:class: Prints class-level dependencies excluding dependencies within the same archive.


    jdeps -verbose:class Geeks.class

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