We are given two numbers n and m, and two-bit positions, i and j. Insert bits of m into n starting from j to i. We can assume that the bits j through i have enough space to fit all of m. That is, if m = 10011, you can assume that there are at least 5 bits between j and i. You would not, for example, have j = 3 and i = 2, because m could not fully fit between bit 3 and bit 2.
Input : n = 1024 m = 19 i = 2 j = 6; Output : n = 1100 Binary representations of input numbers m in binary is (10011)2 n in binary is (10000000000)2 Binary representations of output number (10000000000)2 Input : n = 5 m = 3 i = 1 j = 2 Output : 7
1. Clear the bits j through i in n 2. Shift m so that it lines up with bits j through i 3. Return Bitwise AND of m and n.
The trickiest part is Step 1. How do we clear the bits in n? We can do this with a mask. This mask will have all 1s, except for 0s in the bits j through i. We create this mask by creating the left half of the mask first, and then the right half.
Following is the implementation of the above approach.
1100 // in Binary (10001001100)2
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