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HTML | DOM KeyboardEvent location Property

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The KeyboardEvent location property is used for returning a number that indicates the location of a key on the keyboard or device. The KeyboardEvent location property can be used on the onkeydown and onkeyup events but not on onkeypress

The number returned by KeyboardEvent location property is represented by 4 constants:

0DOM_KEY_LOCATION_STANDARDThis value represents almost every key on the keyboard, e.g. “B”, “R”, “SPACE” or “8”.
1DOM_KEY_LOCATION_LEFTThis value represents a left key, e.g. the left “CTRL” key or left “ALT” key.
2DOM_KEY_LOCATION_RIGHTThis value represents a right key, e.g. the right “CTRL” key or right “ALT” key.
3DOM_KEY_LOCATION_NUMPADThis value represents a numeric key or a numpad key.



Below program illustrates the KeyboardEvent location property : 

Example-1: Getting the location of a key. 


<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>KeyboardEvent location Property in HTML
        div {
            border: 3px solid green;
            height: 100px;
            width: 500px;
        h1 {
            color: green;
        h2 {
            font-family: Impact;
        body {
            text-align: center;
    <h2>KeyboardEvent location Property</h2>
    <p>To return the location of a key,
      insert some character in the field.</p>
    <input type="text"
    <p id="test"></p>
        function keyboard(event) {
            //  Return location of key.
            var gfg = event.location;
            document.getElementById("test").innerHTML =
              "Location of the pressed key is : " + gfg;


Before pressing a button:


After pressing a button:


Supported Browsers:

  • Opera 17
  • Internet Explorer 9
  • Google Chrome 30
  • Edge 12
  • Firefox 15
  • Apple Safari 8

Last Updated : 06 Jul, 2022
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