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VBA Multiple (Nested) If Statements in Excel

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VBA in Excel stands for Visual Basic for Applications, which is Microsoft’s programming language. To optimize the performance and reduce the time in Excel we need Macros and VBA is the tool used in the backend.

What decision-making reasoning do you often use in your Excel worksheets? In most circumstances, you would test your condition using an IF formula and return one value if the condition is met and another value if it is not. You can nest multiple IFs inside of one another to assess more than one condition and return different values based on the outcomes.

Where to Put the VBA Code in Excel?

In the Microsoft Excel tabs, select the Developer Tab. Initially, the Developer Tab may not be available. 

Developer Tab

The Developer Tab can be enabled easily by a two-step process :

  • Right-click on any of the existing tabs at the top of the Excel window.
  • Now select Customize the Ribbon from the pop-down menu.

Customize the Ribbon

  • In the Excel Options Box, check the box Developer to enable it and click on OK.

Customize the Ribbon

  • Now, the Developer Tab is visible.

Developer Tab

  • Now click on the Visual Basic option in the Developer tab and make a new module to write the program using the Select Case statement.

Developer  -> Visual Basic -> Tools -> Macros

  • Create a Macro and give any suitable name.

Creating Macros

  • This will open the Editor window where we can write the code.

Wrirte the code.

The syntax for the If statement in Excel is:

If condition/expression Then

    Code Block for True

Else

    Code Block for False

End If

A Single IF Statement

The structure of a Single If statement in Excel is :

If condition/expression Then

    Code Block 1

    Else 

    Code Block 2

End If

Excel Nested IFs Statement

The structure of the Nested If statement in Excel is :

If condition/expression Then

    Code Block 1

    Else If condition/expression Then

        Code Block 2

    Else If condition/expression Then

        Code Block 3

    Else

        Code Block 4

Else 

    Code Block 5

End If

Some important keywords used in Excel are as follows :

  1. InputBox,: To take input from the user
  2. MsgBox: To display output to the user

Nested If Practical Example

Consider a grading system where grading is based on the marks obtained in the exam. For example, If a student obtained 95 marks, the grade obtained by the student is S grade, and so on.

Code

Sub Nested_If_Grade()

‘Declaring the variable marks

Dim marks As Integer

‘Asking marks from the user

marks = InputBox(“Enter Your Marks:”)

If marks >= 90 Then

 MsgBox “You got S grade”

Else

If marks >= 80 Then

  MsgBox “You got A grade”

Else

If marks >= 70 Then

 MsgBox “You got B grade”

Else

If marks >= 60 Then

 MsgBox “You got C grade”

Else

If marks >= 50 Then

 MsgBox “You got D grade”

Else

If marks >= 40 Then

 MsgBox “You got E grade”

Else

 MsgBox “You have failed in the exam”

End If

End If

End If

End If

End If

End If

End Sub

Result :

ResultResult

Using ElseIf

ElseIf allows us to streamline the code because it only moves to the second if statement if the first one returns a false.

Code

Sub Demo()

‘Declaring the variable marks

Dim marks As Integer

‘Asking marks from the user

marks = InputBox(“Enter Your Marks:”)

If marks >= 90 Then

 MsgBox “You got S grade”

ElseIf marks >= 80 Then

  MsgBox “You got A grade”

ElseIf marks >= 70 Then

 MsgBox “You got B grade”

ElseIf marks >= 60 Then

 MsgBox “You got C grade”

ElseIf marks >= 50 Then

 MsgBox “You got D grade”

ElseIf marks >= 40 Then

 MsgBox “You got E grade”

Else

 MsgBox “You have failed in the exam”

End If

End Sub

Result:

Output

Result

Result

Result

FAQs on How to Use Nested If Statement in Excel VBA

Q1: What is a nested IF statement in Excel VBA?

Answer:

A nested IF statement in Excel VBA is a way of creating multiple levels of conditional logic within a single IF statement. It allows you to check multiple conditions and execute different code blocks based on the evaluation of these conditions.

Q2: How to construct a basic nested IF statement in Excel VBA?

Answer:

If condition1 then

‘ Code to be executed when condition1 is True

ElseIf condition2 Then

‘Code to be executed when condition1 is True and Condition1 is False

ElseIf condition3 Then

‘Code to be executed when condition3 is True and both Condition1 and Condition2 are False

Else

‘Code to be Executed when none of the conditions are True

End If

Q3: Can IF statements be nested inside each other indefinitely?

Answer:

Yes IF statements can be nested inside each other, but it’s essential to maintain clarity and readability in your code. The code becomes difficult to understand and debug as the number of nested IF statements increases.

Q4: How to combine multiple conditions in a nested IF statement?

Answer:

To combine multiple conditions in nested IF statements you can use logical operators like AND and OR.

For example:

IF (condition1 AND condition2) Then

‘code to be executed when both condition1 and condition2 are True

End IF



Last Updated : 06 Dec, 2023
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