How to install Jupyter Notebook in Linux?

Jupyter Notebook is an open-source web application that allows you to create and share documents that contain live code, equations, visualizations, and narrative text. Uses include data cleaning and transformation, numerical simulation, statistical modeling, data visualization, machine learning, and much more.

Jupyter has support for over 40 different programming languages and Python is one of them. Python is a requirement (Python 3.3 or greater, or Python 2.7) for installing the Jupyter Notebook itself.

Jupyter Notebook can be installed by using either of the two ways described below:

  • Using Anaconda:
    Install Python and Jupyter using the Anaconda Distribution, which includes Python, the Jupyter Notebook, and other commonly used packages for scientific computing and data science. To install Anaconda, go through How to install Anaconda on Linux? and follow the instructions provided.
  • Using PIP:
    Install Jupyter using the PIP package manager used to install and manage software packages/libraries written in Python. To install pip, go through How to install PIP in Linux? and follow the instructions provided.

Installing Jupyter Notebook using Anaconda:

Anaconda is an open-source software that contains Jupyter, spyder, etc that are used for large data processing, data analytics, heavy scientific computing. Anaconda works for R and python programming language. Spyder(sub-application of Anaconda) is used for python. Opencv for python will work in spyder. Package versions are managed by the package management system called conda.

To install Jupyter using Anaconda, just go through the following instructions:



  • Launch Anaconda Navigator:
    Anaconda Navigator Linux
  • Click on the Install Jupyter Notebook Button:
    Clicking Installation button
  • Beginning the Installation:
    Beginning Installation process
  • Loading Packages:
    Loading Packages to install
  • Finished Installation:
    Finishing Installation Process

Launching Jupyter:
Launching Jupyter on Linux
Jupyter Home Window

Installing Jupyter Notebook using pip:

PIP is a package management system used to install and manage software packages/libraries written in Python. These files are stored in a large “on-line repository” termed as Python Package Index (PyPI).
pip uses PyPI as the default source for packages and their dependencies.

To install Jupyter using pip, we need to first check if pip is updated in our system. Use the following command to update pip:

python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip

Updating pip before installation

After updating the pip version, follow the instructions provided below to install Jupyter:

  • Command to install Jupyter:
    pip3 install Jupyter
    
  • Beginning Installation:
    Beginning with the Installation
  • Collecting Files and Data:
    Collecting Files to be downloaded
  • Downloading Packages:
    Downloading Packages
  • Running Installation:
    Finishing Installation
  • Finished Installation:
    Installing files and packages

Launching Jupyter:
Use the following command to launch Jupyter using command-line:

jupyter notebook

Command to Launch Jupyter
Jupyter Home Window in Linux

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