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How to Create or Modify a Variable in SAS Programming?

  • Last Updated : 23 Jul, 2019

This will help you to create or modify a variable. It is common to define a new variable based on the existing variable.

Let’s create a dataset
In the code below, we are creating a dataset named as Example1 which is going to store on WORK(temporary) library. In this dataset, there would be a variable called OldRate which contains a numeric value. The RUN statement is defined to close the dataset program.




DATA Example1;
OldRate=42;
RUN;

Output:

  1. Creating a numeric variable

    You can create variables using the form: variable = expression;



    Suppose you are asked to create a new variable NewRate, in the existing SAS data set Example1. Both variables are numeric. The variable NewRate is twice of OldRate.




    DATA Example1;
    SET Example1;
    NewRate=3*OldRate;
    RUN;

    Output:

    If you are asked to store a new variable NewRate on a new dataset, you can create it using DATA statement.




    DATA Readin;
    SET Example1;
    NewRate=3*OldRate;
    RUN;

    In above case, the dataset READIN was created.

  2. Creating a character variable

    In the dataset Example1, let’s create a character variable as Type. The character value for the set is set ‘GeeksforGeeks’.

    The quote marks need to be entered around the character variable.




    DATA Example1;
    SET Example1;
    Type = 'GeeksforGeeks';
    RUN;

    Output:

    Since Type is a character variable, so the value entered should in quotes. It can be either single or double quotes.

  3. Creating or Modifying a variable

    Suppose the value of OldRate is increased by 8 units and you need to calculate the relative change in rate. In this case, we are modifying the existing variable OldRate so we will add 8 to OldRate. later we calculate the percentage change between old and new rate.




    DATA Readin;
    SET Example1;
    OldRate=8 + OldRate;
    NewRate=OldRate*3;
    Change= ((NewRate-OldRate)/ OldRate);
    Format Change Percent10.0;
    RUN;

    Output:

    The FORMAT statement is used to display the changed value in percentage format.


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