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How to create a Breadcrumb Navigation ?

  • Last Updated : 23 Apr, 2021
Geek Week

In this article, we will learn how to create breadcrumbs navigation. Breadcrumbs are a secondary navigation aid that helps users easily navigate through a website. Breadcrumbs provide you an orientation and show you exactly where you are within the website’s hierarchy.

Approach 1: We will follow the below steps for creating breadcrumbs using only CSS. This method allows to exactly customize how the breadcrumbs would look like.

Step 1: Create an HTML list of the navigation links.

<ul class="breadcrumb-navigation">
    <li><a href="home">Home</a></li>
    <li><a href="webdev">Web Development</a></li>
    <li><a href="frontenddev">Frontend Development</a></li>
    <li>JavaScript</li>
</ul>

Step 2: Set the CSS display: inline in order to show the list in the same line.

.breadcrumb-navigation > li {
  display: inline;
}

 



Step 3: Add a separator after every list element.

.breadcrumb-navigation li + li:before {
  padding: 4px;
  content: "/";
}

Example:

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <style>
        .breadcrumb-navigation {
            padding: 10px 18px;
            background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);
        }
  
        .breadcrumb-navigation>li {
            display: inline;
        }
  
        .breadcrumb-navigation>li>a {
            color: #026ece;
            text-decoration: none;
        }
  
        .breadcrumb-navigation>li>a:hover {
            color: #6fc302;
            text-decoration: underline;
        }
  
        .breadcrumb-navigation li+li:before {
            padding: 4px;
            content: "/";
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <ul class="breadcrumb-navigation">
        <li>
            <a href="home">
                Home
            </a>
        </li>
        <li>
            <a href="webdev">
                Web Development
            </a>
        </li>
        <li>
            <a href="frontenddev">
                Frontend Development
            </a>
        </li>
        <li>JavaScript</li>
    </ul>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:

Approach 2: We will follow the below steps for creating breadcrumbs using the Bootstrap library. This allows one to quickly create good-looking breadcrumbs. 

Step 1: We simply add aria-label=”breadcrumb” to the nav element.

<nav aria-label="breadcrumb">

Step 2: We next add class=”breadcrumb-item” in the list elements.

<li class="breadcrumb-item"><a href="#">
    Home
</a></li>

Step 3: Add class=”breadcrumb-item active” in the current list element.

<li class="breadcrumb-item active" aria-current="page">
    JavaScript
</li>

Example:

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=
</head>
  
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
    <nav aria-label="breadcrumb">
        <ol class="breadcrumb">
            <li class="breadcrumb-item">
                <a href="home">Home</a>
            </li>
            <li class="breadcrumb-item">
                <a href="webdev">Web Development</a>
            </li>
            <li class="breadcrumb-item">
                <a href="frontenddev">
                    Frontend Development
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="breadcrumb-item active" 
                aria-current="page">
                JavaScript
            </li>
        </ol>
    </nav>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important HTML concepts with the Web Design for Beginners | HTML  course.




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