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How to align Placeholder Text in HTML ?

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The placeholder attribute specifies a short hint that describes the expected value of an input field/text area. The short hint is displayed in the field before the user enters a value.

In most of the browsers, placeholder texts are usually aligned on the left. The selector uses the text-align property to set the text alignment in the placeholder. This selector can change from browser to browser. For example:

  • For Chrome, Mozilla, and Opera Browsers
::placeholder
  • For Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge
:-ms-input-placeholder

Example 1: This example describes only placeholder alignment, it does not align placeholder value. 

html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Change Placeholder alignment</title>
    <style>
        input[type="email"]::placeholder {
             
            /* Firefox, Chrome, Opera */
            text-align: center;
        }
        input[type="text"]::placeholder {
             
            /* Firefox, Chrome, Opera */
            text-align: right;
        }
        input[type="tel"]::placeholder {
             
            /* Firefox, Chrome, Opera */
            text-align: left;
        }
        input[type="email"]:-ms-input-placeholder {
             
            /* Internet Explorer 10-11 */
            text-align: center;
        }
        input[type="email"]::-ms-input-placeholder {
             
            /* Microsoft Edge */
            text-align: center;
        }
        body {
            text-align:center;
        }
        h1 {
            color:green;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <h3>Placeholder Text Alignment</h3>
    <p>
      Center Aligned<br>
      <input type="email"
             placeholder="Email">
      </p>
      <br>
 
    <p>
      Right Aligned<br>
      <input type="text"
             placeholder="Name">
    </p>
    <br>
 
    <p>
      Left Aligned<br>
      <input type="tel"
             placeholder="Phone Number">
      </p>
   
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output: nullExample 2: This example describes the placeholder and placeholder value align. 

html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>Change Placeholder alignment</title>
    <style>
        input[type="email"]{
            text-align: center;
        }
        input[type="text"] {
            text-align: right;
        }
        input[type="tel"] {
            text-align: left;
        }
        body {
            text-align:center;
        }
        h1 {
            color:green;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <h3>Placeholder Text Alignment</h3>
    <p>
      Center Aligned<br>
      <input type="email"
             placeholder="Email">
      </p><br>
 
    <p>
      Right Aligned<br>
      <input type="text"
             placeholder="Name">
      </p><br>
 
    <p>
      Left Aligned<br>
      <input type="tel"
             placeholder="Phone Number">
      </p>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output:



Last Updated : 16 Jan, 2024
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