Related Articles

# Find maximum level sum in Binary Tree

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 11 May, 2021

Given a Binary Tree having positive and negative nodes, the task is to find the maximum sum level in it.

Examples:

```Input :               4
/   \
2    -5
/ \    /\
-1   3 -2  6
Output: 6
Explanation :
Sum of all nodes of 0'th level is 4
Sum of all nodes of 1'th level is -3
Sum of all nodes of 0'th level is 6
Hence maximum sum is 6

Input :          1
/   \
2      3
/  \      \
4    5      8
/   \
6     7
Output :  17```

This problem is a variation of the maximum width problem. The idea is to do a level order traversal of the tree. While doing traversal, process nodes of different levels separately. For every level being processed, compute the sum of nodes in the level and keep track of the maximum sum.

Below is the implementation of the above idea:

## C++

 `// A queue based C++ program to find maximum sum``// of a level in Binary Tree``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child``   ``and a pointer to right child */``struct` `Node``{``    ``int` `data;``    ``struct` `Node *left, *right;``};` `// Function to find the maximum sum of a level in tree``// using level order traversal``int` `maxLevelSum(``struct` `Node* root)``{``    ``// Base case``    ``if` `(root == NULL)``        ``return` `0;` `    ``// Initialize result``    ``int` `result = root->data;` `    ``// Do Level order traversal keeping track of number``    ``// of nodes at every level.``    ``queue q;``    ``q.push(root);``    ``while` `(!q.empty())``    ``{``        ``// Get the size of queue when the level order``        ``// traversal for one level finishes``        ``int` `count = q.size();` `        ``// Iterate for all the nodes in the queue currently``        ``int` `sum = 0;``        ``while` `(count--)``        ``{``            ``// Dequeue an node from queue``            ``Node* temp = q.front();``            ``q.pop();` `            ``// Add this node's value to current sum.``            ``sum = sum + temp->data;` `            ``// Enqueue left and right children of``            ``// dequeued node``            ``if` `(temp->left != NULL)``                ``q.push(temp->left);``            ``if` `(temp->right != NULL)``                ``q.push(temp->right);``        ``}` `        ``// Update the maximum node count value``        ``result = max(sum, result);``    ``}` `    ``return` `result;``}` `/* Helper function that allocates a new node with the``   ``given data and NULL left and right pointers. */``struct` `Node* newNode(``int` `data)``{``    ``struct` `Node* node = ``new` `Node;``    ``node->data = data;``    ``node->left = node->right = NULL;``    ``return` `(node);``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``struct` `Node* root = newNode(1);``    ``root->left = newNode(2);``    ``root->right = newNode(3);``    ``root->left->left = newNode(4);``    ``root->left->right = newNode(5);``    ``root->right->right = newNode(8);``    ``root->right->right->left = newNode(6);``    ``root->right->right->right = newNode(7);` `    ``/*   Constructed Binary tree is:``                 ``1``               ``/   \``             ``2      3``           ``/  \      \``          ``4    5      8``                    ``/   \``                   ``6     7    */``    ``cout << ``"Maximum level sum is "` `<< maxLevelSum(root)``         ``<< endl;``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// A queue based Java program to find maximum``// sum of a level in Binary Tree``import` `java.util.LinkedList;``import` `java.util.Queue;` `class` `GFG{` `// A binary tree node has data, pointer``// to left child and a pointer to right``// child``static` `class` `Node``{``    ``int` `data;``    ``Node left, right;` `    ``public` `Node(``int` `data)``    ``{``        ``this``.data = data;``        ``this``.left = ``this``.right = ``null``;``    ``}``};` `// Function to find the maximum``// sum of a level in tree``// using level order traversal``static` `int` `maxLevelSum(Node root)``{``    ` `    ``// Base case``    ``if` `(root == ``null``)``        ``return` `0``;` `    ``// Initialize result``    ``int` `result = root.data;` `    ``// Do Level order traversal keeping``    ``// track of number of nodes at every``    ``// level.``    ``Queue q = ``new` `LinkedList<>();``    ``q.add(root);``    ``while` `(!q.isEmpty())``    ``{``        ` `        ``// Get the size of queue when the``        ``// level order traversal for one``        ``// level finishes``        ``int` `count = q.size();` `        ``// Iterate for all the nodes``        ``// in the queue currently``        ``int` `sum = ``0``;``        ``while` `(count-- > ``0``)``        ``{``            ` `            ``// Dequeue an node from queue``            ``Node temp = q.poll();` `            ``// Add this node's value``            ``// to current sum.``            ``sum = sum + temp.data;` `            ``// Enqueue left and right children``            ``// of dequeued node``            ``if` `(temp.left != ``null``)``                ``q.add(temp.left);``            ``if` `(temp.right != ``null``)``                ``q.add(temp.right);``        ``}` `        ``// Update the maximum node``        ``// count value``        ``result = Math.max(sum, result);``    ``}``    ``return` `result;``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``Node root = ``new` `Node(``1``);``    ``root.left = ``new` `Node(``2``);``    ``root.right = ``new` `Node(``3``);``    ``root.left.left = ``new` `Node(``4``);``    ``root.left.right = ``new` `Node(``5``);``    ``root.right.right = ``new` `Node(``8``);``    ``root.right.right.left = ``new` `Node(``6``);``    ``root.right.right.right = ``new` `Node(``7``);``    ` `    ``/*   Constructed Binary tree is:``                 ``1``               ``/   \``             ``2      3``           ``/  \      \``          ``4    5      8``                    ``/   \``                   ``6     7    */``    ``System.out.println(``"Maximum level sum is "` `+``                        ``maxLevelSum(root));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by sanjeev2552`

## Python3

 `# A queue based Python3 program to find``# maximum sum of a level in Binary Tree``from` `collections ``import` `deque` `# A binary tree node has data, pointer``# to left child and a pointer to right``# child``class` `Node:``    ` `    ``def` `__init__(``self``, key):``        ` `        ``self``.data ``=` `key``        ``self``.left ``=` `None``        ``self``.right ``=` `None` `# Function to find the maximum sum``# of a level in tree``# using level order traversal``def` `maxLevelSum(root):``    ` `    ``# Base case``    ``if` `(root ``=``=` `None``):``        ``return` `0` `    ``# Initialize result``    ``result ``=` `root.data``    ` `    ``# Do Level order traversal keeping``    ``# track of number``    ``# of nodes at every level.``    ``q ``=` `deque()``    ``q.append(root)``    ` `    ``while` `(``len``(q) > ``0``):``        ` `        ``# Get the size of queue when the``        ``# level order traversal for one``        ``# level finishes``        ``count ``=` `len``(q)` `        ``# Iterate for all the nodes in``        ``# the queue currently``        ``sum` `=` `0``        ``while` `(count > ``0``):``            ` `            ``# Dequeue an node from queue``            ``temp ``=` `q.popleft()` `            ``# Add this node's value to current sum.``            ``sum` `=` `sum` `+` `temp.data` `            ``# Enqueue left and right children of``            ``# dequeued node``            ``if` `(temp.left !``=` `None``):``                ``q.append(temp.left)``            ``if` `(temp.right !``=` `None``):``                ``q.append(temp.right)``                ` `            ``count ``-``=` `1`    `        ``# Update the maximum node count value``        ``result ``=` `max``(``sum``, result)` `    ``return` `result``    ` `# Driver code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:``    ` `    ``root ``=` `Node(``1``)``    ``root.left ``=` `Node(``2``)``    ``root.right ``=` `Node(``3``)``    ``root.left.left ``=` `Node(``4``)``    ``root.left.right ``=` `Node(``5``)``    ``root.right.right ``=` `Node(``8``)``    ``root.right.right.left ``=` `Node(``6``)``    ``root.right.right.right ``=` `Node(``7``)` `    ``# Constructed Binary tree is:``    ``#              1``    ``#            /   \``    ``#          2      3``    ``#        /  \      \``    ``#       4    5      8``    ``#                 /   \``    ``#                6     7   ``    ``print``(``"Maximum level sum is"``, maxLevelSum(root))` `# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29`

## C#

 `// A queue based C# program to find maximum``// sum of a level in Binary Tree``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;``class` `GFG``{` `  ``// A binary tree node has data, pointer``  ``// to left child and a pointer to right``  ``// child``  ``public``    ``class` `Node``    ``{``      ``public``        ``int` `data;``      ``public``        ``Node left, right;` `      ``public` `Node(``int` `data)``      ``{``        ``this``.data = data;``        ``this``.left = ``this``.right = ``null``;``      ``}``    ``};` `  ``// Function to find the maximum``  ``// sum of a level in tree``  ``// using level order traversal``  ``static` `int` `maxLevelSum(Node root)``  ``{` `    ``// Base case``    ``if` `(root == ``null``)``      ``return` `0;` `    ``// Initialize result``    ``int` `result = root.data;` `    ``// Do Level order traversal keeping``    ``// track of number of nodes at every``    ``// level.``    ``Queue q = ``new` `Queue();``    ``q.Enqueue(root);``    ``while` `(q.Count != 0)``    ``{` `      ``// Get the size of queue when the``      ``// level order traversal for one``      ``// level finishes``      ``int` `count = q.Count;` `      ``// Iterate for all the nodes``      ``// in the queue currently``      ``int` `sum = 0;``      ``while` `(count --> 0)``      ``{` `        ``// Dequeue an node from queue``        ``Node temp = q.Dequeue();` `        ``// Add this node's value``        ``// to current sum.``        ``sum = sum + temp.data;` `        ``// Enqueue left and right children``        ``// of dequeued node``        ``if` `(temp.left != ``null``)``          ``q.Enqueue(temp.left);``        ``if` `(temp.right != ``null``)``          ``q.Enqueue(temp.right);``      ``}` `      ``// Update the maximum node``      ``// count value``      ``result = Math.Max(sum, result);``    ``}``    ``return` `result;``  ``}` `  ``// Driver code``  ``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``  ``{``    ``Node root = ``new` `Node(1);``    ``root.left = ``new` `Node(2);``    ``root.right = ``new` `Node(3);``    ``root.left.left = ``new` `Node(4);``    ``root.left.right = ``new` `Node(5);``    ``root.right.right = ``new` `Node(8);``    ``root.right.right.left = ``new` `Node(6);``    ``root.right.right.right = ``new` `Node(7);` `    ``/*   Constructed Binary tree is:``                 ``1``               ``/   \``             ``2      3``           ``/  \      \``          ``4    5      8``                    ``/   \``                   ``6     7    */``    ``Console.WriteLine(``"Maximum level sum is "` `+``                      ``maxLevelSum(root));``  ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1`

## Javascript

 ``
Output

`Maximum level sum is 17`

Complexity Analysis:

Time Complexity: O(N) where N is the total number of nodes in the tree.
In level order traversal, every node of the tree is processed once, and hence the complexity due to the level order traversal is O(N) if there are total N nodes in the tree. Also, while processing every node, we are maintaining the sum at each level, however, this does not affect the overall time complexity. Therefore, the time complexity is O(N).

Auxiliary Space: O(w) where w is the maximum width of the tree.
In level order traversal, a queue is maintained whose maximum size at any moment can go up to the maximum width of the binary tree.

This article is contributed by Shashank Mishra ( Gullu ). If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.