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Find if an array contains a string with one mismatch
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 07 Mar, 2019

Given a string and array of strings, find whether the array contains a string with one character difference from the given string. Array may contain strings of different lengths.

Examples:

Input : str = "banana"
        arr[] = {"bana", "apple", "banaba",
                    bonanzo", "banamf"}
Output :True
Explanation:-There is only a one character difference
between banana and banaba

Input : str = "banana"
        arr[] = {"bana", "apple", "banabb", bonanzo",
                                           "banamf"}
Output : False

We traverse through given string and check for every string in arr. Follow the two steps as given below for every string contained in arr:-
1) Check whether the string contained in arr is of the same length as the target string.
2) If yes, then check if there is only one character mismatch, if yes then return true else return false.

C++




// C++ program to find if given string is present
// with one mismatch.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
bool check(vector<string> list, string s)
{
    int n = (int)list.size();
  
    // If the array is empty    
    if (n == 0) 
        return false;
  
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
  
        // If sizes are same 
        if (list[i].size() != s.size())
            continue;
   
        bool diff = false;
        for (int j = 0; j < (int)list[i].size(); j++) {
  
            if (list[i][j] != s[j]) {
      
                // If first mismatch   
                if (!diff)
                    diff = true;
  
                // Second mismatch
                else {
                    diff = false;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
  
        if (diff)
            return true;
    }
  
    return false;
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    vector<string> s;
    s.push_back("bana");
    s.push_back("apple");
    s.push_back("banacb");
    s.push_back("bonanza");
    s.push_back("banamf");
  
    cout << check(s, "banana");
    return 0;
}

Java




import java.util.*;
  
// Java program to find if
// given string is present
// with one mismatch.
class GFG
{
  
    static boolean check(Vector<String> list, String s) 
    {
        int n = (int) list.size();
  
        // If the array is empty 
        if (n == 0
        {
            return false;
        }
  
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
  
            // If sizes are same 
            if (list.get(i).length() != s.length())
            {
                continue;
            }
  
            boolean diff = false;
            for (int j = 0; j < (int) list.get(i).length(); j++) 
            {
  
                if (list.get(i).charAt(j) != s.charAt(j)) 
                {
  
                    // If first mismatch 
                    if (!diff)
                    {
                        diff = true;
                    
                      
                    // Second mismatch
                    else 
                    {
                        diff = false;
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
  
            if (diff) {
                return true;
            }
        }
  
        return false;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args) 
    {
        Vector<String> s = new Vector<>();
        s.add("bana");
        s.add("apple");
        s.add("banacb");
        s.add("bonanza");
        s.add("banamf");
  
        System.out.println(check(s, "banana") == true ? 1 : 0);
    }
}
  
/* This code contributed by PrinciRaj1992 */

Python3




# Python 3 program to find if given 
# string is present with one mismatch.
  
def check(list, s):
    n = len(list)
  
    # If the array is empty 
    if (n == 0): 
        return False
  
    for i in range(0, n, 1):
          
        # If sizes are same 
        if (len(list[i]) != len(s)):
            continue
  
        diff = False
        for j in range(0, len(list[i]), 1):
            if (list[i][j] != s[j]):
  
                # If first mismatch 
                if (diff == False):
                    diff = True
  
                # Second mismatch
                else:
                    diff = False
                    break
                  
        if (diff):
            return True
  
    return False
  
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    s = []
    s.append("bana")
    s.append("apple")
    s.append("banacb")
    s.append("bonanza")
    s.append("banamf")
  
    print(int(check(s, "banana")))
  
# This code is contributed by
# Sahil_shelangia

C#




// C# program to find if
// given string is present
// with one mismatch.
using System;    
using System.Collections.Generic;
public class GFG
{
   
    static bool check(List<String> list, String s) 
    {
        int n = (int) list.Count;
   
        // If the array is empty 
        if (n == 0) 
        {
            return false;
        }
   
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
   
            // If sizes are same 
            if (list[i].Length != s.Length)
            {
                continue;
            }
   
            bool diff = false;
            for (int j = 0; j < (int) list[i].Length; j++) 
            {
   
                if (list[i][j] != s[j]) 
                {
   
                    // If first mismatch 
                    if (!diff)
                    {
                        diff = true;
                    
                       
                    // Second mismatch
                    else
                    {
                        diff = false;
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
   
            if (diff) {
                return true;
            }
        }
   
        return false;
    }
   
    // Driver code
    public static void Main(String[] args) 
    {
        List<String> s = new List<String>();
        s.Add("bana");
        s.Add("apple");
        s.Add("banacb");
        s.Add("bonanza");
        s.Add("banamf");
   
        Console.WriteLine(check(s, "banana") == true ? 1 : 0);
    }
}
// This code has been contributed by 29AjayKumar


Output:
0

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